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OBJECTIVE Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) have been shown to be markers of left ventricular (LV) function. To determine the feasibility of using serial assays of these neurohormones in the assessment of cardiac status in the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) setting, we examined the relationship between LV function, myocardial(More)
The biological nitrogen removal (BNR) process is the most common method for removing low quantities of ammonium from wastewater, but this is not the usual treatment for high-strength ammonium wastewater. The capacity to biologically remove the nitrogen content of a real industrial wastewater with a concentration of 5000 g N-NH(4)(+) L(-1) is demonstrated in(More)
The presence of water in a biofilter is critical in keeping microorganisms active and abating pollutants. In addition, the amount of water retained in a biofilter may drastically affect the physical properties of packing materials and packed beds. In this study, the influence of water on the pressure drop and sorption capacities of 10 different packing(More)
The activated sludge process –the main biological technology usually applied to wastewater treatment plants (WWTP)– directly depends on live beings (microorganisms), and therefore, on unforeseen changes experimented by them. It could be possible to get a good plant operation if the supervisory control system is able to react to the changes and deviations of(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of continuous flow pumps are currently under clinical studies, however very little data exist on the hemodynamic and cellular responses of the failing heart to continuous flow support. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the response of the failing myocardium to continuous flow support. METHODS We compared(More)
Patients in severely progressed states of heart failure can be bridged to successful heart transplantation with mechanical assist devices. Experience has demonstrated that patient selection and timing of device implantation are crucial for obtaining acceptable results when using this expensive technology. The degree of irreversible secondary organ(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term ventricular and pulmonary support can be provided by the Medtronic BioMedicus (Eden Prairie, MN) centrifugal pump, which is available in most cardiovascular surgery centers. This versatile pump can provide support during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, cardiopulmonary bypass, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND Although many reports demonstrate the hemodynamic benefits of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) in right-sided circulation, it is not known whether the right ventricular myocardium goes through reverse remodeling after left ventricular mechanical circulatory support. Accordingly, the purposes of our studies were 1). to investigate the right(More)
Packing materials play a key role in the performance of bioreactors for waste gas treatment and particularly in biofilter applications. In this work, the performance of four differently packed biofilters operated in parallel for the treatment of relatively high inlet concentration of toluene was studied. The reactors were compared for determining the(More)
BACKGROUND Mast cells have been implicated in tissue remodeling and fibroblast stimulation. We explored the effect of mechanical support by left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in failing myocardium and looked into grade and distribution of interstitial fibrosis, mast cell density, mast cell phenotypes and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) expression(More)