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Nineteen Macaca fascicularis monkeys were divided into four different groups: Group A (n = 3), control; Group B (n = 3), monkeys treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP); Group C (n = 8), animals treated with MPTP in which the subthalamic nucleus (STN) was unilaterally lesioned by kainic acid injection; in Group D (n = 5), the STN(More)
We have studied the effect of unilateral autografts of carotid body cell aggregates into the putamen of MPTP-treated monkeys with chronic parkinsonism. Two to four weeks after transplantation, the monkeys initiated a progressive recovery of mobility with reduction of tremor and bradykinesia and restoration of fine motor abilities on the contralateral side.(More)
Excitotoxicity has been suggested to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). As subthalamic nucleus (STN) neurons express glutamate and are overactivated in parkinsonism, it seems that in PD dopaminergic (DA) neurons are under the influence of abnormally high levels of glutamate and consequently might be more vulnerable to(More)
The present report deals with a multiple tract-tracing procedure in non-human primates enabling the simultaneous visualization of retrogradely transported Fluoro-Gold (FG) and cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) in combination with anterogradely transported biotinylated dextran amine (BDA). Two issues have played key roles on the achievement of this reliable(More)
We studied the motor response induced by the administration of the AMPA receptor antagonist, NBQX (2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo[f]quinoxaline(1H,4H)dione sodium salt), in two parkinsonian monkeys and its interaction with the selective D-2 dopamine receptor agonist, (+)-PHNO [(+)-4-propyl-9-hydroxynaphthoxazine], and the partial dopamine D-1(More)
Striatal carotid body cell aggregates (CBCA) grafts improve parkinsonism in animals and patients with Parkinson's disease. As CB cells contain trophic factors, we investigated the long-term effect of striatal CBCA grafts on nigrostriatal dopaminergic cells in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated monkeys receiving unilateral(More)
  • A Palanques, P Puig, J Guillén, X Durrieu De Madron, M Latasa, R Scharek +1 other
  • 2011
Shelf-to-basin sediment transport during storms was studied at the southwestern end of the Gulf of Lions from November 2003 to March 2004. Waves, near-bottom currents, temperature and sediment fluxes were measured on the inner shelf at 28-m depth, in the Cap de Creus submarine canyon head at 300-m depth and in the northwestern Mediterranean basin at 2350-m(More)
In non-human primates, striatal tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-ir) cells are increased in number after dopamine depletion and in response to trophic factor delivery. As carotid body cells contain the dopaminotrophic glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), we evaluated the number, morphology and neurochemistry of these TH-ir cells, in(More)
We have studied the motor response induced by independent administration of 4 different doses of a dopamine D2 [(+)-PHNO] and a dopamine D1 (CY 208-243) receptor agonist in 5 MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) monkeys. Both drugs had similar antiparkinsonian effects and both elicited choreic dyskinesias. Simultaneous administration of(More)