Javier Garcia-Fernandez

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BACKGROUND Ketamine is used at low doses for its analgesic and antihyperalgesic properties when combined with opioids but also when opioid-induced hyperalgesia and tolerance appear. In this study we determined the interaction of ketamine and remifentanil on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane in rats and to determine whether ketamine may(More)
There are several specific considerations regarding anesthesia in patients with mitochondrial disease. We describe the successful administration of a combined general and epidural anesthesia with sevoflurane maintenance in a patient with myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERRF syndrome) scheduled for surgical treatment of bilateral clubfoot.
BACKGROUND The difference between the first postpacing interval (PPI) after tachycardia entrainment from the right ventricular apex and the tachycardia cycle length (TCL) can be used as an index of proximity to the circuit. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether the response to entrainment of tachycardia during ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND Anesthesia workstations with pressure support ventilation (PSV) are available, but there are few studies published on how to program flow-triggered PSV using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) under general anesthesia in pediatric patients. METHODS We studied 60 ASA I and II patients, from 2 mo to 14 yr, scheduled for ambulatory surgery under(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative opioids reduce anaesthetic requirements and thus limit the side-effects derived from high doses of the latter. Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors can also be given but it remains unclear whether they further reduce the anaesthetic requirements. Our aim was to determine whether COX inhibitors potentiate the effect of remifentanil on(More)
A multivariant analysis was carried out in 120 patients with pituitary adenoma (prolactinoma, HGH-secreting adenoma and nonfunctional adenoma) and an equation was obtained concerning the prolactinoma (whose independent variables were age, galactorrhea, impotence, stage, and pretreatment secretion of ACTH) and another one concerning the nonfunctional adenoma(More)
CONTEXT Recruitment manoeuvres aim at reversing atelectasis during general anaesthesia but are associated with potential risks such as barotrauma. OBJECTIVE To explore the range of pressures that can be used safely to fully recruit the lung without causing barotrauma in an ex-vivo healthy lung rabbit model. DESIGN Prospective, randomised, experimental(More)
BACKGROUND Halogenated ethers produce clinical effects at spinal sites. Nevertheless, in vitro and in vivo studies have not determined whether the immobilizing effect in the spinal cord is due to inhibition of nociceptive or motor transmission or both. Our goal was to characterize the clinical effects of direct spinal sevoflurane administration. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid antagonists at ultra-low doses have been used with opioid agonists to prevent or limit opioid tolerance. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an ultra-low dose of naloxone combined with remifentanil could block opioid-induced hyperalgesia and tolerance under sevoflurane anesthesia in rats. METHODS Male adult Wistar rats were(More)
BACKGROUND Tolerance to remifentanil during sevoflurane anesthesia may blunt the ability of this drug to reduce anesthetic requirements. Gabapentin has been shown to be effective in reducing postoperative narcotic usage, a reduction that may be associated with a reduction in opioid-induced tolerance and hyperalgesia. We sought to determine whether(More)