Javier Garcia-Castro

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Developmental genes are silenced in embryonic stem cells by a bivalent histone-based chromatin mark. It has been proposed that this mark also confers a predisposition to aberrant DNA promoter hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) in cancer. We report here that silencing of a significant proportion of these TSGs in human embryonic and adult stem(More)
MLL-AF4 fusion is a hallmark genetic abnormality in infant B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) known to arise in utero. The cellular origin of leukemic fusion genes during human development is difficult to ascertain. The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment plays an important role in the pathogenesis of several hematological malignances. BM mesenchymal stem(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported the in vitro spontaneous transformation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) generating a population with tumorigenic potential, that we termed transformed mesenchymal cells (TMC). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here we have characterized the molecular changes associated with TMC generation. Using microarrays techniques(More)
Neural stem cells giving rise to neurons and glia cells have been isolated from the embryonic and adult central nervous system. The extent to which they are able to differentiate into cells of non-neural lineages, such as the hematopoietic lineage, is nonetheless unclear. We previously reported the isolation of stem cells from the mouse olfactory bulb(More)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common type of primary solid tumor that develops in bone. Although standard chemotherapy has significantly improved long-term survival over the past few decades, the outcome for those patients with metastatic or recurrent OS remains dismally poor and, therefore, novel agents and treatment regimens are urgently required. A(More)
The bone is a complex connective tissue composed of many different cell types such as osteoblasts, osteoclasts, chondrocytes, mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells, hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells, among others. The interaction between them is finely balanced through the processes of bone formation and bone remodeling, which regulates the production(More)
The relevance of tumor microenvironment for the development and progression of tumor cells in hematological malignancies has been extensively reported. Identification of factors involved in the information exchange between the malignant cells and the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and the knowledge on their functioning may provide important(More)
BACKGROUND Rasmussen encephalitis is a devastating pediatric syndrome of unknown etiology that is characterized by progressive loss of neurological function and intractable focal epilepsy. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes have an active role in the pathogenic process of Rasmussen encephalitis. We studied the implication of CXCL10-CXCR3, a chemotactic axis involved(More)
The prokaryotic beta recombinase catalyzes site-specific recombination between two directly oriented minimal six sites in chromatin-integrated substrates. Here, we demonstrate that an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-fused version of beta recombinase (beta-EGFP) is fully active, retaining most specific activity. It is used to develop a(More)
Half the human genome is made of transposable elements (TEs), whose ongoing activity continues to impact our genome. LINE-1 (or L1) is an autonomous non-LTR retrotransposon in the human genome, comprising 17% of its genomic mass and containing an average of 80-100 active L1s per average genome that provide a source of inter-individual variation. New LINE-1(More)