Javier Galbally

Learn More
To ensure the actual presence of a real legitimate trait in contrast to a fake self-manufactured synthetic or reconstructed sample is a significant problem in biometric authentication, which requires the development of new and efficient protection measures. In this paper, we present a novel software-based fake detection method that can be used in multiple(More)
In recent decades, we have witnessed the evolution of biometric technology from the first pioneering works in face and voice recognition to the current state of development wherein a wide spectrum of highly accurate systems may be found, ranging from largely deployed modalities, such as fingerprint, face, or iris, to more marginal ones, such as signature or(More)
A new software-based liveness detection approach using a novel fingerprint parameterization based on quality related features is proposed. The system is tested on a highly challenging database comprising over 10,500 real and fake images acquired with five sensors of different technologies and covering a wide range of direct attack scenarios in terms of(More)
A new liveness detection scheme for iris based on quality related measures is presented. The novel anti-spoofing technique is tested on a database comprising over 1,600 real and fake (high quality printed images) iris samples proving to have a very high potential as an effective protection scheme against direct attacks. Furthermore, the liveness detection(More)
In this contribution, the vulnerabilities of iris-based recognition systems to direct attacks are studied. A database of fake iris images has been created from real iris of the BioSec baseline database. Iris images are printed using a commercial printer and then, presented at the iris sensor. We use for our experiments a publicly available iris recognition(More)
A new multimodal biometric database, acquired in the framework of the BiosecurID project, is presented together with the description of the acquisition setup and protocol. The database includes eight unimodal biometric traits, namely: speech, iris, face (still images, videos of talking faces), handwritten signature and handwritten text (on-line dynamic(More)
A novel method for the generation of synthetic on-line signatures based on the spectral analysis and the Kinematic Theory of rapid human movements, was presented in Part I of this series of two papers. In the present paper, the experimental framework used for the validation of the novel approach is described. The validation protocol, which uses different(More)
1077-3142/$ see front matter 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cviu.2013.06.003 q This paper has been recommended for acceptance by Yingli Tian, PhD. ⇑ Corresponding author. Fax: +34 91 497 2114. E-mail addresses: javier.galbally@uam.es (J. Galbally), arun.ross@mail.wvu.edu (A. Ross), marta.barrero@uam.es (M.(More)
A new multimodal biometric database designed and acquired within the framework of the European BioSecure Network of Excellence is presented. It is comprised of more than 600 individuals acquired simultaneously in three scenarios: 1 over the Internet, 2 in an office environment with desktop PC, and 3 in indoor/outdoor environments with mobile portable(More)
As a crucial security problem, anti-spoofing in biometrics, and particularly for the face modality, has achieved great progress in the recent years. Still, new threats arrive inform of better, more realistic and more sophisticated spoofing attacks. The objective of the 2nd Competition on Counter Measures to 2D Face Spoofing Attacks is to challenge(More)