Javier G. Pizarro

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Currently, there is no effective treatment for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Thus, a major focus of neuroscience research is to examine the mechanisms involved in neuronal loss in order to identify potential drug targets. Recent results indicate that DNA damage and re-entry into the cell cycle may(More)
A potential application of melatonin is its ability to rescue many cell types from cell death, because of its antioxidant properties. Likewise, recent studies suggest that melatonin may also be used as an anti-tumor drug, due to its anti-proliferative properties in tumor cells when administered at physiologic or pharmacologic doses. In the present study, we(More)
Long INterspersed Element-1 (LINE-1 or L1) retrotransposons form the only autonomously active family of transposable elements in humans. They are expressed and mobile in the germline, in embryonic stem cells and in the early embryo, but are silenced in most somatic tissues. Consistently, they play an important role in individual genome variations through(More)
Pharmacological GSK-3 inhibitors are potential drugs for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and diabetes. We examined the antiproliferative effects of two GSK-3 inhibitors, lithium and SB-415286, on B65 neuroblastoma cell line. Treatment of B65 cells with either drug administered separately caused a decrease in cell proliferation that was(More)
The toxicity caused by cell exposure to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) is a useful model in the study of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the exact molecular mechanisms triggered by MPP(+) in cell death are currently unclear. In the present research, we show that exposure to MPP(+) induce the cell death of neuroblastoma-derived dopaminergic B65(More)
Resveratrol prolongs lifespan and prevent cancer formation; however, the mechanisms are not understood. Here we evaluated the cell-cycle inhibition and apoptosis of resveratrol in B65 neuroblastoma cells, and we also studied the effects of resveratrol on the mammalian silent information regulator 2 (SIRT1). Results show that resveratrol reduces cell(More)
In the present study we demonstrated that neurotoxin MPP+-induced DNA damage is followed by ataxia telangiectasia muted (ATM) activation either in cerebellar granule cells (CGC) or in B65 cell line. In CGC, the selective ATM inhibitor KU-55933 showed neuroprotective effects against MPP+-induced neuronal cell loss and apoptosis, lending support to the key(More)
Reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress are associated with neuronal cell death in many neurodegenerative conditions. However, the exact molecular mechanisms triggered by oxidative stress in neurodegeneration are still unclear. This study used the B65 rat neuroblastoma cell line as a model to study the molecular events that occur after H(2)O(2)(More)
In the present study dopaminergic neuroblastoma B65 cells were exposed to Camptothecin (CPT) (0.5–10 μM), either alone or in the presence of roscovitine (ROSC). The results show that CPT induces apoptosis through the activation of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-induced cell-cycle alteration in neuroblastoma B65 cells. The apoptotic process is mediated(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated protein (ATM) is a member of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) family, which has a role in the cellular response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). In the present study, we evaluated the role of ATM in cell-cycle control in dopaminergic rat neuroblastoma B65 cells. For this purpose, ATM activity was either inhibited(More)