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IGF-I has been demonstrated to stimulate basal and GnRH-induced gonadotropin release. IGF-I also elicites alpha-subunit secretion in human pituitary tumor cells. The aims of this study were to evaluate both the effect of IGF-I on gonadotropin LH-beta and FSH-beta mRNA levels and glycoprotein alpha-subunit gene expression in cultured rat anterior pituitary(More)
GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is widely located throughout the brain, but the precise molecular mechanisms mediating the actions of GLP-1 and its long-acting analogs on adipose tissue as well as the brain areas responsible for these interactions remain largely unknown. We found that central injection of a clinically used GLP-1R agonist, liraglutide, in mice(More)
CONTEXT Body mass index (BMI) is widely used as a measure of overweight and obesity, but underestimates the prevalence of both conditions, defined as an excess of body fat. OBJECTIVE We assessed the degree of misclassification on the diagnosis of obesity using BMI as compared with direct body fat percentage (BF%) determination and compared the(More)
GH secretion declines with age in rats and humans and a reduction in GH gene expression has been demonstrated in aging rats. GH secretion also diminishes in obesity; thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether GH decrease in aging rats is due to body weight gain or to aging. Three groups of male Wistar rats of different ages were studied (young, 3(More)
There has been increasing experimental evidence to suggest that insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) may be one of the essential regulators in the reproductive system of the rat. IGF-I is synthesized in the hypothalamus and IGF-I immunoreactivity increases during puberty. Consequently we hypothesized that centrally located IGF-I might contribute to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the predictive capacity of a recently described equation that we have termed CUN-BAE (Clínica Universidad de Navarra-Body Adiposity Estimator) based on BMI, sex, and age for estimating body fat percentage (BF%) and to study its clinical usefulness. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a comparison study of the developed equation(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1) is a recently described cytokine originally isolated from the heart where it has been shown to play an important role in apoptotic protection of cardiomyocytes and heart hypertrophy. Its beneficial properties have also been described in other organs such as liver and neuromuscular tissue. In the present study, we(More)
GH appears to play an important metabolic role during late pregnancy and in lactation maintenance. In this study, pregnant (days 8, 15, and 20 of gestation) and postpartum (days 3 and 8 postpartum, including lactating and nonlactating dams) Wistar rats were used to investigate pituitary GH gene expression and hormone secretion, and the potential alterations(More)
A high prevalence of neoplastic colorectal polyps has been described in acromegalic patients. The aim of the present report was to confirm the high prevalence of neoplastic colorectal polyps in acromegaly and the existence of special risk factors for this type of polyps among acromegalic patients. A fiberoptic colonoscopy was performed in 27 active(More)
Obesity is the major risk factor for the development of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. BMI is widely used as a surrogate measure of obesity, but underestimates the prevalence of obesity, defined as an excess of body fat. We assessed the presence of impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose (both considered together as prediabetes) or type 2(More)