Javier Dotor

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During peritoneal dialysis (PD), mesothelial cells undergo mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMT), a process associated with peritoneal-membrane dysfunction. Because TGF-β1 can induce MMT, we evaluated the efficacy of TGF-β1-blocking peptides in modulating MMT and ameliorating peritoneal damage in a mouse model of PD. Exposure of the peritoneum to PD(More)
During an acute blood-stage malaria infection, T cell responses to malaria and other bystander antigens are inhibited. Plasmodium infection induces strong cytokine responses that facilitate parasite clearance but may interfere with T cell functions, as some of the soluble immune mediators induced are also general inhibitors of T cell responses. Using a(More)
In carcinomas such as those of breast, pancreas, stomach, and colon, cancer cells support the expansion of molecular and cellular stroma in a phenomenon termed desmoplasia, which is characterized by a strong fibrotic response. In the case of breast tissue, in which stroma is mainly a fatty tissue, this response presumably occurs at the expense of the(More)
Endoglin is a membrane glycoprotein that acts as a coreceptor for transforming growth factor-beta. We and others have previously suggested a function of endoglin as a tumor suppressor in epithelial cancer. Here, we study the expression of endoglin during chemical mouse skin carcinogenesis. We find that shedding of membrane endoglin, allowing the secretion(More)
Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a pleiotropic cytokine, which displays potent profibrogenic effects and is highly expressed in fibrotic livers. For this reason, development of TGF-B1 inhibitors might be of great importance to control liver fibrogenesis as well as other undesired side effects due to this cytokine. Potential peptide inhibitors(More)
AIM We investigated whether P144, a synthetic peptide from transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) type III receptor betaglycan, exhibits cardiac antifibrotic properties. METHODS AND RESULTS The study was carried out in one group of 10-week-old normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats treated with vehicle (V-WKY), one group of 10-week-old spontaneously(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of skin fibrotic diseases. Systemic TGF-beta inhibitors effectively inhibit fibrosis in different animal models; however, systemic inhibition of TGF-beta raises important safety issues because of the pleiotropic physiological effects of this factor. In this study, we have(More)
Melanoma progression is associated with the expression of different growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines. Because TGFβ1 is a pleiotropic cytokine involved not only in physiologic processes but also in cancer development, we analyzed in A375 human melanoma cells, the effect of TGFβ1 on monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-10(More)
NADPH oxidases constitute a major source of superoxide anion (·O(2)(-)) in hypertension. Several studies suggest an important role of NADPH oxidases in different effects mediated by TGF-β 1. In this study we show that chronic administration of P144, a peptide synthesized from type III TGF-β 1 receptor, significantly reduced the cardiac NADPH oxidase(More)
The aim of this study was to analyse the distribution of regulatory and inhibitory mothers against decapentaplegic homologue (Smad) proteins as markers of active transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signalling in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue and to investigate the effect of TGF-β blockade in the development and progression of collagen-induced(More)