Javier D Gonzalez

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We prospectively evaluated the relation of upper airway, lower airway, and gastric colonization patterns with the development of pneumonia and its etiology in 48 patients with surgical (n = 25) and medical (n = 23) head injury. Initial colonization was assessed by cultures of nasal and pharyngeal swabs, tracheobronchial aspirates, gastric juice, and(More)
PURPOSE Because blocking vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from reaching leaky capillaries is a logical strategy for the treatment of radiation necrosis, we reasoned that bevacizumab might be an effective treatment of radiation necrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifteen patients with malignant brain tumors were treated with bevacizumab or bevacizumab(More)
The effect of bacterial colonization of the bronchi on the progress of airflow limitation is not well known. Therefore, the pattern of airway inflammation in smokers and patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its relation to bronchial microbial colonization was assessed. Eight nonsmoking and 18 smoking controls as well as 52(More)
Paratuberculosis-associated lesions in 116 naturally infected adult cows, with or without clinical signs, were classified histopathologically. Tissue samples obtained focused on gut-associated lymphoid tissue. Lesions were divided into five categories. Focal lesions (n=68 cases), consisted of small granulomas in the ileal and jejunal lymph nodes or the(More)
We carried out a comprehensive microbiological study of the upper and lower airways in patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring mechanical ventilation in order to describe microbial patterns and analyze their clinical significance. Quantitative cultures of tracheobronchial aspirates (TBAs),(More)
In contrast to the healthy population, distal airway bacterial colonization may occur in patients with chronic lung diseases, who often have altered pulmonary defences. However, the information dealing with this issue is insufficient and is based mainly on nonspecific samples, such as sputum cultures. Using quantitative cultures of bronchoscopic protected(More)
BACKGROUND The electronic Schizophrenia Treatment Adherence Registry (e-STAR) is a prospective, observational study of patients with schizophrenia designed to evaluate long-term treatment outcomes in routine clinical practice. METHODS Parameters were assessed at baseline and at 3 month intervals for 2 years in patients initiated on risperidone long-acting(More)
Distinguishing between grade II and grade III diffuse astrocytomas is important both for prognosis and for treatment decision-making. However, current methods for distinguishing between grades based on proliferative potential are suboptimal, making identification of clear cutoffs difficult. In this study, we compared the results from immunohistochemical(More)
All episodes of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by Staphylococcus aureus were prospectively analyzed for a 30-mo period. Methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) was isolated in 38 episodes and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in 11 others. The two groups were similar regarding sex, severity of underlying diseases, prior surgery, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess selective digestive decontamination for preventing nosocomial pneumonia and mortality in mechanically ventilated patients. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. SETTING Respiratory intensive care unit of a 1000-bed teaching hospital. PATIENTS 80 patients receiving mechanical ventilation for more(More)