Javier Cudeiro

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Neurons in the primary visual cortex (V1) respond in well defined ways to stimuli within their classical receptive field, but these responses can be modified by stimuli overlying the surrounding area. For example patch-suppressed cells respond to gratings of a specific orientation within their classical receptive field, but the response diminishes if the(More)
In a previous study, we have shown that the corticofugal projection to the dLGN enhances inhibitory mechanisms underlying length tuning. This suggests that the inhibitory influences deriving from the corticofugal feedback should exhibit characteristics that reflect the response properties of orientation-tuned layer VI cells. Here we report data obtained(More)
1. The influence of spatial frequency on the inhibitory component of the effects mediated by feedback from the visual cortex has been examined in X and Y cells in the A laminae of the feline dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN). Experiments utilized a concentric, bipartite visual stimulus centered over the receptive fields of the cells studied. The(More)
Feedback projections are an integral part of the mammalian visual system. Although it is tempting to relegate them to a subsidiary role in visual processing, because their supposed latency and lag might appear to be unfavourable for an involvement in fast processing, this is a dangerous simplification. Certainly for the world in motion, feedback from higher(More)
This study has focused on how sensory stimulation affects gait in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The kinematic parameters of gait [cadence, step amplitude, velocity, coefficient of variation of stride time (CVstride-time), and the coefficient of variation of the step amplitude (CVstep-amplitude)] were analysed in 25 PD patients and 10 control subjects. Step(More)
We evaluated the effect of low-frequency rTMS on motor signs in Parkinson's disease (PD), under a double-blind placebo-controlled trial design. PD patients were randomly assigned to received either real (n = 9) or sham (n = 9) rTMS for 10 days. Each session comprises two trains of 50 stimuli each delivered at 1 Hz and at 90% of daily rest motor threshold(More)
There are two recognised modes of firing activity in thalamic cells, burst and tonic. A low-threshold (LT) burst (referred to from now on as 'burst') comprises a small number of high-frequency action potentials riding the peak of a LT Ca(2+) spike which is preceded by a silent hyperpolarised state > 50 ms. This is traditionally viewed as a sleep-like(More)
The way in which the brain deals with sensory information relies not only on feedforward processing of signals from the periphery but also on feedback inputs. This is the case of the massive projection back from layer 6 in the visual cortex to the thalamus, for which, despite being the greatest single source of synaptic contacts, the functional role still(More)
It has been suggested that sequential movements in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) might be improved by the effects of external rhythmic cues. We studied spatiotemporal gait parameters and temporal gait variability in patients with PD and control subjects under different walking conditions in order to investigate whether rhythmic auditory cues could(More)
In the search of new strategies to improve the quality of life of Parkinson's disease patients, recent work has reported an amelioration of Parkinsonian symptoms using Whole Body Vibration (WBV). A double-blinded, placebo controlled design was used to evaluate the effect of a 12 WBV sessions-programme on a number of motor and clinical tests in 23(More)