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Opioids and cannabinoids are among the most widely consumed drugs of abuse in humans. A number of studies have shown that both types of drugs share several pharmacological properties, including hypothermia, sedation, hypotension, inhibition of both intestinal motility and locomotor activity and, in particular, antinociception. Moreover, phenomena of(More)
Most data on effects of natural and synthetic cannabinoids on anterior pituitary hormone secretion point out to a primary impact on the hypothalamus. There is also some evidence, however, of possible direct actions of these compounds on the anterior pituitary, although the presence of cannabinoid receptors in the pituitary has not been documented as yet. In(More)
We have previously shown that the acquisition rate of intravenous morphine self-administration under a fixed ratio one (FR1) schedule of reinforcement was greater in Lewis (LEW) than Fischer 344 (F344) rats. The purpose of the present experiment was to examine the relative motivational properties of morphine (1 mg/kg) or food under progressive ratio (PR)(More)
This study was designed to examine the interactions between the cannabinoid and enkephalinergic systems in the rat brain. To this aim, we have examined the effects of subchronic (5 days) administration (10 mg.kg-1.day-1; i.p.) of delta 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or R-methanandamide (AM356) and chronic (18 days) administration with the synthetic(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the pharmacological tolerance observed after prolonged exposure to plant or synthetic cannabinoids in adult individuals seems to have a pharmacodynamic rather than pharmacokinetic basis, because down-regulation of cannabinoid receptors was assessed in the brain of cannabinoid-tolerant rats. In the present study, we have(More)
Hypoalgesia induced by cannabinoid drugs has been found to implicate the opioid system. The effect of five days treatment with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was examined on prodynorphin (PDYN) and proenkephalin (PENK) gene expression in the spinal cord of male rats. PDYN and PENK gene expression was estimated measuring by northern blot analysis mRNA(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the cannabinoid and opioid mediated regulation on the effects of central Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) administration on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity in the male rat. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of delta(9)-THC (25, 50, 100 microg/rat) markedly increased(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the time-related effects of repeated administration of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol during 1, 3, 7 and 14 days on cannabinoid and mu-opioid receptor agonist-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding, and CB1 cannabinoid receptor and proenkephalin gene expression in the caudate-putamen. Repeated administration with(More)
Among other pharmacological properties analgesia is one of the important features of cannabinoids with therapeutical prospects. Cannabinoids have been shown to produce antinociception in experimental animals and humans. Recently a new system of neuromodulation based upon the existence of cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous agonists has emerged. This(More)
Perinatal delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) exposure in rats affects several behavioral responses, such as opiate self-administration behavior or pain sensitivity, that can be directly related to changes in opioidergic neurotransmission. In addition, we have recently reported that the administration of naloxone to animals perinatally exposed to(More)