Learn More
BACKGROUND An inadequate response to initial empirical treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) represents a challenge for clinicians and requires early identification and intervention. A study was undertaken to quantify the incidence of failure of empirical treatment in CAP, to identify risk factors for treatment failure, and to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of death from infection in developed countries. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and MBL-associated serine protease 2 (MASP-2) deficiencies are common primary immunodeficiencies the clinical penetrance of which remains controversial. MBL is a serum lectin that mediates phagocytosis and activates(More)
The role of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency (MBL2 XA/O + O/O genotypes) in host defences remains controversial. The surfactant proteins (SP)-A1, -A2 and -D, another collectins whose genes are located near MBL2, are part of the first-line lung defence against infection. We analyzed the role of MBL on susceptibility to pneumococcal infection and the(More)
Conflicting results about the role of genetic variability at IL6, particularly the -174 G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), in sepsis have been reported. We studied the genetic variability at IL6 in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and pneumococcal CAP (P-CAP). This was a multicenter, prospective observational study. IL6 -174 was(More)
Mycoses are serious diseases with potentially fatal outcome. The introduction of immunosuppressive treatments and life support techniques has led to a growing prevalence of different degrees of immunosuppression. Compromised immune response is the primary risk factor for the development of opportunistic mycoses. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for(More)
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the elderly has increased as a consequence of an overall increase of the elderly population. A controversy about the aetiology and outcome of CAP in this population still exists and more epidemiological studies are needed. A prospective, 12-month, multicentre study was carried out to assess the clinical characteristics,(More)
INTRODUCTION Inherited variability in host immune responses influences susceptibility and outcome of Influenza A virus (IAV) infection, but these factors remain largely unknown. Components of the innate immune response may be crucial in the first days of the infection. The collectins surfactant protein (SP)-A1, -A2, and -D and mannose-binding lectin (MBL)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the potential association of the functional polymorphism rs1801274 in the receptor IIa for the Fc portion of immunoglobin G (FcγRIIa) gene (FCGR2A-H131R) with the susceptibility to and the severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). DESIGN Multicenter prospective and observational study. SETTING Four university hospitals in(More)
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Respiratorios, Hospital Clínic Universitari, Valencia, España Neumología, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, España Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, Audie L. Murphy Division; University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, an Antonio,(More)