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Aspergillus fumigatus is exceptional among microorganisms in being both a primary and opportunistic pathogen as well as a major allergen. Its conidia production is prolific, and so human respiratory tract exposure is almost constant. A. fumigatus is isolated from human habitats and vegetable compost heaps. In immunocompromised individuals, the incidence of(More)
Perturbations of the yeast cell wall trigger a repair mechanism that reconfigures its molecular structure to preserve cell integrity. To investigate this mechanism, we compared the global gene expression in five mutant strains, each bearing a mutation (i.e. fks1, kre6, mnn9, gas1, and knr4 mutants) that affects in a different manner the cell wall(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, environmental stress conditions that damage the cell wall lead to activation of the so-called "compensatory mechanism," aimed at preserving cell integrity through a remodeling of this extracellular matrix. Here we used DNA microarrays to investigate the molecular basis of this response to two agents that induce(More)
Although natural peptide ligands of HLA-DR and HLA-DQ molecules have been extensively studied, information about peptides naturally bound to HLA-DP is limited. Here we describe HLA-DP2 peptide ligands corresponding to 24 different source proteins that were identified by peptide pool elution and mass spectrometry sequencing from HLA-DP2 molecules expressed(More)
Using a hierarchical approach, 620 non-essential single-gene yeast deletants generated by EUROFAN I were systematically screened for cell-wall-related phenotypes. By analyzing for altered sensitivity to the presence of Calcofluor white or SDS in the growth medium, altered sensitivity to sonication, or abnormal morphology, 145 (23%) mutants showing at least(More)
Information Retrieval (IR) approaches for semantic web search engines have become very populars in the last years. Popularization of different IR libraries, like Lucene, that allows IR implementations almost out-of-the-box have make easier IR integration in Semantic Web search engines. However, one of the most important features of Semantic Web documents is(More)
The information available on the specific function of HLA-DP and the structure-function relationships is very limited. Here, single amino acid substitutions of HLA-DPB1*02012 have been used to analyze the role of polymorphic residues of the DPbeta1 domain on DP-mediated T cell allorecognition and peptide binding. Using a panel of specific anti-HLA-DP mAb,(More)
In budding yeast, chitin is found in three locations: at the primary septum, largely in free form, at the mother-bud neck, partially linked to beta(1-3)glucan, and in the lateral wall, attached in part to beta(1-6)glucan. By using a recently developed strategy for the study of cell wall cross-links, we have found that chitin linked to beta(1-6)glucan is(More)
The cross-linking of polysaccharides to assemble new cell wall in fungi requires mechanisms by which a preexisting linkage is broken for each new one made, to allow for the absence of free energy sources outside the plasma membrane. Previous work showed that Crh1p and Crh2p, putative transglycosylases, are required for the linkage of chitin to(More)
Interval-valued data offer a valuable way of representing the available information in complex problems where uncertainty, inaccuracy or variability must be taken into account. In addition, the combination of Interval Analysis with soft-computing methods, such as neural networks, have shown their potential to satisfy the requirements of the decision support(More)