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OBJECTIVE To evaluate dietary habits in Spanish children and adolescents based on a Mediterranean Diet Quality Index tool, which considers certain principles sustaining and challenging traditional healthy Mediterranean dietary patterns. DESIGN Observational population-based cross-sectional study. A 16-item Mediterranean Diet Quality Index was included in(More)
In countries of the Mediterranean region, nuts have been consumed in moderate quantities since ancient times. Epidemiological studies show lower risk of cardiovascular diseases in populations with frequent nut consumption, independent from other dietary components. This article assesses nut consumption in Spain and other countries using different sources of(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse prevailing food patterns among Spanish children and young people and their relationship to sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. DESIGN Cross-sectional population survey. SETTING Population study. Data were collected at participants' home addresses. SUBJECTS Random sample of the Spanish population aged 2-24 y (n=3534; 1629 boys(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish schoolchildren and adolescents. DESIGN Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview. METHODS A random sample of 3534 people aged 2 to 24 years were interviewed by a team of 43 dietitians in the subjects' homes. Interviews included 24-hour recalls (a second 24-hour recall in 30% of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Obesity is a major public health problem in developed countries. It is of key importance to ascertain its magnitude and to identify main groups at risk. In this paper the prevalence of obesity in Spanish adult population aged 25-60 is estimated, based on measured height and weight. SUBJECTS AND METHOD Pooled-analysis of regional(More)
The objective of this paper is to present the development of the Nutritional Objectives for the Spanish Population. Preparation of draft documents contributed by different working groups was followed by a consensus meeting held in Bilbao on 5-7 October 2000, hosted by the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition and sponsored by the World Health Organisation.(More)
BACKGROUND Although adequacy of nutrient intake has been studied considerably in children and adolescents across Europe, the factors associated with nutritional risk have rarely been addressed. This study was developed in order to explore the nutritional intakes of Spanish children and the factors influencing the risk of nutritional inadequacy. OBJECTIVES(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Breakfast consumption is important for nutritional balance in all population groups. The objective of this paper is to describe breakfast consumption patterns in Spanish children and young people. DESIGN Random population cross-sectional nutritional survey. METHODS A random sample of 3534 people aged 2 to 24 years were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish school children and adolescents, and their relationship with the Mediterranean Diet. DESIGN Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview. SETTING Free living children and adolescents of all Spanish regions. SUBJECTS A random sample of 3166 people aged 6-24 y. METHODS Home(More)
Health promotion from the early stages in life by fostering healthy eating practices and regular physical activity has the potential for a major impact on health and well-being during childhood and later stages in life.School-based nutrition education should consider the needs and interests of students, teachers and the school. Educational strategies(More)