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Activation of calcium-ion (Ca2+) channels on the plasma membrane and on intracellular Ca2+ stores, such as the endoplasmic reticulum, generates local transient increases in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration that induce Ca2+ uptake by neighbouring mitochondria. Here, by using mitochondrially targeted aequorin proteins with different Ca2+ affinities, we show(More)
Direct monitoring of the free Ca2+ concentration in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an important but still unsolved experimental problem. We have shown that a Ca(2+)-sensitive photoprotein, aequorin, can be addressed to defined subcellular compartments by adding the appropriate targeting sequences. By engineering a new aequorin chimera with(More)
Targeted recombinant aequorins represent to date the most specific means of monitoring [Ca2+] in subcellular organelles (Rizzuto, R., Simpson, A. W. M., Brini, M., and Pozzan, T. (1992) Nature 358, 325-328; Brini, M., Murgia, M., Pasti, L., Picard, D., Pozzan, T., and Rizzuto, R. (1993) EMBO J. 12, 4813-4819; Kendall, J. M., Dormer, R. L., and Campbell, A.(More)
The presence and physiological role of Ca 2 ϩ-induced Ca 2 ϩ release (CICR) in nonmuscle excitable cells has been investigated only indirectly through measurements of cytosolic [Ca 2 ϩ ] ([Ca 2 ϩ ] c). Using targeted aequorin, we have directly monitored [Ca 2 ϩ ] changes inside the ER ([Ca 2 ϩ ] ER) in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Ca 2 ϩ entry induced(More)
We have monitored specifically the [Ca2+] in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of intact HeLa cells using an ER-targeted low-Ca2+-affinity aequorin. The steady-state [Ca2+] in the ER was around 600 microM. Histamine induced a concentration-dependent decrease in lumenal [Ca2+], whose rate increased near one order of magnitude and became "quantal"(More)
An ischemic stroke (IS) group including 386 patients under 50 years old is analysed taking into account different etiological subgroups and comparing risk factors against a control group of 100 people. The series points out the presence of 66.1% patients included in the inconclusive-atherothrombosis group, of which 22.7% had defined criteria of(More)
A prospective study on 386 consecutive patients affected of ischemic stroke (IS) has been analysed in relation to etiologies, comparing them with a control group of 100 people. The atherotrombotic etiology subgroups are associated with family history of stroke, risk factors, atheromatosis, occlusive peripheral arteriopathy, previous of stroke, high levels(More)
Collagenase 3 (MMP-13) is a recently identified member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene family that is expressed at high levels in diverse human carcinomas and in articular cartilage from arthritic patients. In addition to its expression in pathological conditions, collagenase 3 has been detected in osteoblasts and hypertrophic chondrocytes during(More)
This article focuses on local protein synthesis as a basis for maintaining axoplasmic mass, and expression of plasticity in axons and terminals. Recent evidence of discrete ribosomal domains, subjacent to the axolemma, which are distributed at intermittent intervals along axons, are described. Studies of locally synthesized proteins, and proteins encoded by(More)
Recent results indicate that Ca2+ transport by organella contributes to shaping Ca2+ signals and exocytosis in adrenal chromaffin cells. Therefore, accurate measurements of [Ca2+] inside cytoplasmic organella are essential for a comprehensive analysis of the Ca2+ redistribution that follows cell stimulation. Here we have studied changes in Ca2+ inside the(More)