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Kisspeptin is a potent stimulator of GnRH secretion that has been implicated in the feedback actions of ovarian steroids. In ewes, the majority of hypothalamic kisspeptin neurons are found in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), with a smaller population located in the preoptic area. Most arcuate kisspeptin neurons express estrogen receptor-alpha, as do a set of(More)
We identified a gene in the ovine hypothalamus encoding for RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), and tested the hypothesis that this system produces a hypophysiotropic hormone that inhibits the function of pituitary gonadotropes. The RFRP-3 gene encodes for a peptide that appears identical to human RFRP-3 homolog. Using an antiserum raised against RFRP-3,(More)
Renal biopsy specimens from 51 children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome who were following a frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent course were reviewed by two histopathologists. In all cases the biopsy was performed prior to the commencement of an 8-week course of cyclophosphamide. The clinical courses of these patients both prebiopsy and for(More)
Selected trace metals were analyzed in human malignant and nonmalignant (benign) breast tissue samples by the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometric method. In malignant tissues, dominant mean concentrations were revealed by Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and Al at 927, 552, 231, 61.7, 36.5, 18.3, and 8.94 μg/g, respectively, while the mean metal levels in(More)
Eighteen metals were estimated in the scalp hair samples from cancer patients (n = 111) and normal donors (n = 113). Nitric acid–perchloric acid wet digestion procedure was used for the quantification of the selected metals by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In the scalp hair of cancer patients, highest average levels were found for Ca (861(More)
The scalp hair samples of benign tumour patients (n = 77) and normal donors (n = 86) were analysed for selected trace metal contents using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In the scalp hair of benign tumour patients, highest average levels were found for Ca (1,401 microg/g), followed by Na (476.9 microg/g), Mg (441.6 microg/g), Zn (438.3 microg/g), K(More)
Kisspeptin stimulates reproduction, and kisspeptin cells in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) express Ob-Rb in the mouse. Herein we report studies in ewes to determine whether kisspeptin cells express Ob-Rb and respond to leptin and whether reciprocal connections exist between kisspeptin cells and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) or neuropeptide Y (NPY) cells to modulate(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop thiolated nanoparticles to enhance the bioavailability for the nasal application of leuprolide. Thiolated chitosan-thioglycolic acid (chitosan-TGA) and unmodified chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) were developed via ionic gelation with tripolyphosphate (TPP). Leuprolide was incorporated during the formulation process of(More)
It was the aim of this study to develop a sustained parenteral peptide (DALCE) delivery system by the immobilization of DALCE to thiolated carboxymethyl dextran-cysteine (CMD-Cys) via disulfide bond formation. The resulting CMD-Cys-DALCE conjugate displayed a 22.6±7.9% (m/m) of DALCE (mean±S.D.; n=3). The conjugation of DALCE with CMD-Cys was confirmed by(More)
Novel fungal endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum; Latch, Christensen and Samuels; Glenn, Bacon, and Hanlin) genotypes in symbiosis with tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum; Schreb. Darbysh.) have been recently introduced to agricultural seed markets. These novel endophytes do not produce the full suite of toxins that the ‘common toxic’ form does, and(More)