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Kisspeptin stimulates reproduction, and kisspeptin cells in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) express Ob-Rb in the mouse. Herein we report studies in ewes to determine whether kisspeptin cells express Ob-Rb and respond to leptin and whether reciprocal connections exist between kisspeptin cells and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) or neuropeptide Y (NPY) cells to modulate(More)
We identified a gene in the ovine hypothalamus encoding for RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), and tested the hypothesis that this system produces a hypophysiotropic hormone that inhibits the function of pituitary gonadotropes. The RFRP-3 gene encodes for a peptide that appears identical to human RFRP-3 homolog. Using an antiserum raised against RFRP-3,(More)
Kisspeptin is a potent stimulator of GnRH secretion that has been implicated in the feedback actions of ovarian steroids. In ewes, the majority of hypothalamic kisspeptin neurons are found in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), with a smaller population located in the preoptic area. Most arcuate kisspeptin neurons express estrogen receptor-alpha, as do a set of(More)
in OM, N, and P on both terraced and steep cultivated hillslopes. Selective removal of finer particles by water Topographical land features shape the spatial variability of soils erosion caused a linear decrease in clay content of 0.02% and crop yields, especially in dryland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). The objectives of this study were to (i) quantify(More)
We conducted a community-randomized controlled trial in Pakistan to determine the efficacy of indoor residual spraying with alphacypermethrin ('Fendona', Cyanamid, NJ, USA), applied at 25 mg/m2, to prevent falciparum and vivax malaria. Wettable powder (WP) and suspension concentrate (SC) formulations were tested against an unsprayed control in an irrigated(More)
Fetal uninephrectomy (uni-x) at 100 days of gestation results in compensatory nephrogenesis in the remaining kidney, resulting in a 30% reduction in total nephron number in male sheep. Recently, we showed that uni-x males at 6 mo of age have elevated arterial pressure, reduced renal blood flow (RBF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and low plasma renin(More)
In a 1-year study, quantification of nitrous oxide (N2O) emission was made from a flood-irrigated cotton field fertilized with urea at 100kg N ha−1 a−1. Measurements were made during the cotton-growing season (May–November) and the fallow period (December–April). Of the total 95 sampling dates, 77 showed positive N2O fluxes (range, 0.1 to 33.3g N ha−1 d−1),(More)
Selected trace metals were analyzed in human malignant and nonmalignant (benign) breast tissue samples by the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometric method. In malignant tissues, dominant mean concentrations were revealed by Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and Al at 927, 552, 231, 61.7, 36.5, 18.3, and 8.94 μg/g, respectively, while the mean metal levels in(More)
Eighteen metals were estimated in the scalp hair samples from cancer patients (n = 111) and normal donors (n = 113). Nitric acid–perchloric acid wet digestion procedure was used for the quantification of the selected metals by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In the scalp hair of cancer patients, highest average levels were found for Ca (861(More)