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In simulating two-phase flows, interface normal vectors and curvatures are needed for modeling surface tension. In the traditional approach, these quantities are calculated from the spatial derivatives of a scalar function (e.g. the volume-of-fluid or the level set function) at any instant in time. The orders of accuracy of normals and curvatures calculated(More)
This work presents a novel coating technique to manufacture ceramic superhydrophobic coatings rapidly and economically. A rare earth oxide (REO) was selected as the coating material due to its hydrophobic nature, chemical inertness, high temperature stability, and good mechanical properties, and deposited on stainless steel substrates by solution precursor(More)
Titanium dioxide coatings were deposited on the surface of titanium foils by Thermal Plasma Spray (TPS) process. Three different TiO2 coatings were prepared using the commercial TiO2-P25 nanopowder and titanium isopropoxide precursor solution as feed-stocks. Structure and morphology of the TiO2-P25 powder and the plasma sprayed coatings were analyzed by(More)
Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Program Office plays a key part in helping NASA maintain this important role. The NASA STI Program Office is operated by Langley Research Center, the Lead Center for NASA's scientific and technical information.(More)
Experiments were done to observe the coalescence of highly viscous liquid droplets (87 wt% glycerin-in-water solutions) deposited onto a flat, solid steel plate. Droplets were deposited sequentially in straight lines or square droplet arrays. Droplet center-to-center distance was varied and the final dimensions of lines and sheets measured from photographs.(More)
Approximately 200 000 Canadians acquire healthcare-associated bacterial infections each year and several-fold more acquire food-borne bacterial illnesses. Bacterial spores are particularly problematic because they can survive on surfaces for several months. Owing to its sporicidal activity, copper alloy sheet metal is sometimes used in hospital settings,(More)
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