Javad Mirnajafi-zadeh

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Cognitive deficits have been observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) due to hippocampal insults. Antioxidant vitamins D and E are suggested for patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases like MS, while their mechanisms of action are not well understood. Here, we have tried to study the effects of these vitamins on demyelination, cell(More)
Low-frequency stimulation (LFS) is an antiepileptic and antiepileptogenic electrical stimulation. In this study the effect of changes in some LFS (1Hz, monophasic square wave) parameters (intensity, pulse duration and train duration) on piriform cortex kindled seizures was investigated both in fully kindled rats and during kindling acquisition. In fully(More)
The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on kindling-induced synaptic potentiation and to study the effect of frequency and coil shape on rTMS effectiveness. Seizures were induced in rats by perforant path stimulation in a rapid kindling manner (12 stimulations/day). rTMS was applied at(More)
In this study the role of adenosine A1 and A2A receptors of the hippocampal CA1 region on piriform cortex-kindled seizures was investigated in rats. Animals were kindled by daily electrical stimulation of piriform cortex. In fully kindled rats, N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA; a selective A1 receptor agonist), 1,3-dimethyl-8-cyclopenthylxanthine (CPT; a(More)
Multiple sclerosis frequently affects the optic apparatus, particularly optic chiasm and nerves. Here, we have reported the structural and molecular characteristics of remyelination in the adult rat optic chiasm and nerves. Moreover, considering the proximity of optic chiasm and 3rd ventricle, we have tried to determine if proliferating cells residing in(More)
Induction of demyelination in the central nervous system induce the oligodendrocyte progenitors to proliferate, migrate, and differentiate for restoring new myelin sheathes around demyelinated axons. Factors which increase the response of endogenous progenitor cells could be used to improve remyelination. In the current study, the effect of bFGF on(More)
In this research the role of adenosine A1 and A2A receptors of the entorhinal cortex on piriform cortex kindled seizures was investigated. In piriform cortex kindled rats, N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA), a selective A1 receptor agonist, 1,3-dimethyl-8 cyclopenthylxanthine (CPT), a selective A1 receptor antagonist, CGS21680 hydrochloride (CGS), a selective A2A(More)
Heart rate variability is reduced in several clinical settings associated with systemic inflammation. The underlying mechanism of decreased heart rate variability during systemic inflammation is unknown. It appears that the inflammatory cytokines might play a role, since epidemiologic studies has shown that circulating levels of interleukine-6 (IL-6)(More)
The seizure-modulating effects of 2-chloroadenosine (2-CLA) infused directly into the amygdala were investigated. Different groups of amygdala-kindled rats were infused (1 microliter) with 2-CLA (0.25, 1, 10 and 25 nM), caffeine (200 microM and 2 mM), a combination of the two or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) applied directly through a cannula(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has emerged as a potential therapeutic strategy in the treatment of neurological disorders including epilepsy. However, the cellular mechanism responsible for the effects of DBS remains largely undefined. Therefore, using electrophysiological approach, we aimed to determine the antiepileptic effects and restorative(More)