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Using different types of bacteria and a canine model simulating human septic shock, we investigated the role of endotoxin in cardiovascular dysfunction and mortality. Either Escherichia coli (a microorganism with endotoxin) or Staphylococcus aureus (a microorganism without endotoxin) were placed in an intraperitoneal clot in doses of viable or(More)
This study compares the efficacy of antibiotics (cefoxitin and gentamicin), cardiovascular support (fluids and dopamine titrated by intravascular monitoring to hemodynamic end points), and a combination of these two therapies in dogs with septic shock induced by an intraperitoneal clot containing Escherichia coli. Survival rates were 0, 13, 13, and 43% in(More)
Inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) have been reported to increase mean arterial pressure in animal models of sepsis and recently have been given to patients in septic shock. However, controlled studies to determine the effects of these agents on cardiovascular function and survival in awake animal models of sepsis have not been reported. To examine(More)
We studied the differential hemodynamic effects of N omega-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, in normal and endotoxemic dogs and examined its activity across the venous, pulmonary, and systemic circulations. Survival was used to determine therapeutic efficacy. In both normal and endotoxemic animals, L-NMMA similarly(More)
The clinical utility of the limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) test was assessed with eight different body fluids from 44 different studies. The results show that the LAL test has established clinical utility for the detection of endotoxin in the presence of Gram-negative bacteria with 4 body fluids: cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), urine, cervical and urethral(More)
We investigated the effects of two different Gram-negative bacteria and radiation-induced leukopenia on endotoxemia, cardiovascular abnormalities, and mortality in a canine model of septic shock. Serial hemodynamics were measured in conscious dogs using radionuclide heart scans and thermodilution cardiac output catheters. Plasma endotoxin concentrations(More)
Levels of calcium in plasma, red blood cells, and mononuclear blood cells, levels of calcium in plasma, and the plasma calcium-to-magnesium ratio were measured at baseline and after 3 weeks of each drug phase of a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine in hyperactive boys. Levels of magnesium in plasma were(More)
The authors compared results for accuracy and precision obtained by a semiautomated prototype International Remote Imaging Systems, Inc. (IRIS) urinalysis workstation (IUW) with those from quantitative manual urinalysis (QMU). Three technologists skilled in urinalysis each performed 172 urinalyses with both the IUW and QMU methods. The results show that the(More)