Javaan Singh Chahl

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We took panoramic snapshots in outdoor scenes at regular intervals in two- or three-dimensional grids covering 1 m2 or 1 m3 and determined how the root mean square pixel differences between each of the images and a reference image acquired at one of the locations in the grid develop over distance from the reference position. We then asked whether the(More)
 Freely flying bees were filmed as they landed on a flat, horizontal surface, to investigate the underlying visuomotor control strategies. The results reveal that (1) landing bees approach the surface at a relatively shallow descent angle; (2) they tend to hold the angular velocity of the image of the surface constant as they approach it; and (3) the(More)
A family of reflective surfaces is presented that, when imaged by a camera, can capture a global view of the visual environment. By using these surfaces in conjunction with conventional imaging devices, it is possible to produce fields of view in excess of 180 degrees that are not affected by the distortions and aberrations found in refractive wide-angle(More)
It is suggested that the dragonfly median ocellus is specifically adapted to detect horizontally extended features rather than merely changes in overall intensity. Evidence is presented from the optics, tapetal reflections and retinal ultrastructure. The underfocused ocelli of adult insects are generally incapable of resolving images. However, in the(More)
Tangential neurons in the fly brain are sensitive to the typical optic flow patterns generated during egomotion. In this study, we examine whether a simplified linear model based on the organization principles in tangential neurons can be used to estimate egomotion from the optic flow. We present a theory for the construction of an estimator consisting of a(More)
Experiments from biology suggest that the sensing of image motion or optic flow in insects provides a means of determining the range to obstacles and terrain. When combined with a measure of ground speed from another sensor such as GPS, optic flow can be used to provide a measure of an aircraft’s height above terrain. We apply this principle to the control(More)
An application of insect visuomotor behavior to automatic control of landing is explored. Insects, being perhaps more reliant on image motion cues than mammals or higher vertebrates, are proving to be an excellent organism in which to investigate how information on optic flow is exploited to guide locomotion and navigation. We have observed how bees perform(More)
A new approach called bioinspired engineering of exploration systems (BEES) and its value for solving pressing NASA and DoD needs are described. Insects (for example honeybees and dragonflies) cope remarkably well with their world, despite possessing a brain containing less than 0.01% as many neurons as the human brain. Although most insects have immobile(More)