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A structural model of pentameric phospholamban (Plb) in a lipid bilayer has been derived using a combination of experimental data, obtained from ATR-FTIR site-directed dichroism, and the implementation of the resulting restraints during a molecular dynamics simulation. Plb (residues 24-52) has been synthesised incorporating a new label, 1-(13)C==(18)O, at(More)
The N-terminal portion of apolipoprotein A-I corresponding to the first 93 residues has been identified as the main component of apolipoprotein A-I fibrils in a form of systemic amyloidosis. We have been able to characterize the process of conformational switching and fibrillogenesis in this fragment of apolipoprotein A-I purified directly from ex vivo(More)
Maculatin 1.1 is an antimicrobial peptide isolated from the Australian tree frog Litoria genimaculata that adopts an amphipathic, alpha-helical structure in solution. Its orientation and conformation when incorporated to pre-formed DMPG (1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol) and DMPC (1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) vesicles was(More)
Binding of nitric oxide (NO) to isolated cytochrome c oxidase in turnover was investigated by static and kinetic spectroscopic methods. These studies indicate that cytochrome c oxidase rapidly binds NO when the enzyme enters turnover. Our results show that NO binds to ferrocytochrome a3, competing with oxygen for this binding site. However, the main(More)
Previous studies have shown that the addition of nitric oxide to cytochrome c oxidase rapidly generates spectral changes compatible with the formation of nitrite at the binuclear haem:copper centre. Here we directly demonstrate nitrite release following nitric oxide addition to the enzyme. The nitrite complex is kinetically inactive and the off rate for(More)
The small hydrophobic (SH) protein from the human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) is a glycoprotein of approximately 64 amino acids with one putative alpha-helical transmembrane domain. Although SH protein is important for viral infectivity, its exact role during viral infection is not clear. Herein, we have studied the secondary structure, orientation,(More)
The importance of accurately modeling membrane proteins cannot be overstated, in lieu of the difficulties in solving their structures experimentally. Often, however, modeling procedures (e.g., global searching molecular dynamics) generate several possible candidates rather then pointing to a single model. Herein we present a new approach to select among(More)
The reaction of nitric oxide (NO) with oxidized fast cytochrome c oxidase was investigated by stopped-flow, amperometry, and EPR, using the enzyme as prepared or after "pulsing." A rapid reduction of cytochrome a is observed with the pulsed, but not with the enzyme as prepared. The reactive species (lambdamax = 424 nm) reacts with NO at k = 2.2 x 10(5) M-1(More)
Detailed site-specific information can be exceptionally useful in structural studies of macromolecules in general and proteins in particular. Such information is usually obtained from spectroscopic studies using a label/probe that can reflect on particular properties of the protein. A suitable probe must not modify the native properties of the protein, and(More)
Tachyplesin-1, a disulfide stabilized beta-hairpin antimicrobial peptide, can be found at the hemocytes of horse shoe crab Tachypleus tridentatus. A cysteine deleted linear analog of tachyplesin-1 or CDT (KWFRVYRGIYRRR-NH2) contains a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity with a reduced hemolytic property. The bactericidal activity of CDT stems from(More)