Learn More
PR1 is a pathogenesis-related protein encoded in the parsley genome by a family of three genes (PR1-1, PR1-2 and PR1-3). Loss- and gain-of-function experiments in a transient expression system demonstrated the presence of two fungal elicitor responsive elements in each of the PR1-1 and PR1-2 promoters. These elements, W1, W2 and W3, contain the sequence(More)
The small hydrophobic (SH) protein from the human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) is a glycoprotein of approximately 64 amino acids with one putative alpha-helical transmembrane domain. Although SH protein is important for viral infectivity, its exact role during viral infection is not clear. Herein, we have studied the secondary structure, orientation,(More)
Binding of nitric oxide (NO) to isolated cytochrome c oxidase in turnover was investigated by static and kinetic spectroscopic methods. These studies indicate that cytochrome c oxidase rapidly binds NO when the enzyme enters turnover. Our results show that NO binds to ferrocytochrome a3, competing with oxygen for this binding site. However, the main(More)
Tachyplesin-1, a disulfide stabilized beta-hairpin antimicrobial peptide, can be found at the hemocytes of horse shoe crab Tachypleus tridentatus. A cysteine deleted linear analog of tachyplesin-1 or CDT (KWFRVYRGIYRRR-NH2) contains a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity with a reduced hemolytic property. The bactericidal activity of CDT stems from(More)
The reaction of nitric oxide (NO) with oxidized fast cytochrome c oxidase was investigated by stopped-flow, amperometry, and EPR, using the enzyme as prepared or after "pulsing." A rapid reduction of cytochrome a is observed with the pulsed, but not with the enzyme as prepared. The reactive species (lambdamax = 424 nm) reacts with NO at k = 2.2 x 10(5) M-1(More)
The actinomycete Thermomonospora fusca BD25 contains a peroxidase with a high activity over a broad range of temperature and pH and a high stability against denaturing agents. Unusually this peroxidase (PO) is a non-haem enzyme. As prepared PO is characterised by two electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signals, detected at liquid helium temperature, a(More)
A single-copy Arabidopsis homeobox gene, prha, which encodes a homeodomain protein with a molecular weight of 90,500 has been characterized. The position of the gene was mapped to the distal part of chromosome 4. Expression of the gene differs in various vegetative and floral plant tissues and is positively influenced by the phytohormone auxin. In(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis vegetative insecticidal proteins like Vip3A have been used for crop protection and to delay resistance to existing insecticidal Cry toxins. However, little is known about Vip3A’s behavior or its mechanism of action, and a structural model is required. Herein, in an effort to facilitate future crystallization and functional studies, we(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major constituent of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, is an important element against permeability of bactericidal agents, including antimicrobial peptides. However, structural determinants of antimicrobial peptides for LPS recognition are not clearly understood. Pardaxins (Pa1, Pa2, Pa3, and Pa4) are a group of(More)
The N-terminal portion of apolipoprotein A-I corresponding to the first 93 residues has been identified as the main component of apolipoprotein A-I fibrils in a form of systemic amyloidosis. We have been able to characterize the process of conformational switching and fibrillogenesis in this fragment of apolipoprotein A-I purified directly from ex vivo(More)