Jaume Guàrdia

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Liver failure may cause brain edema through an increase in brain glutamine. However, usually standard neuroimaging techniques do not detect brain edema in cirrhosis. We assessed magnetization transfer ratio and (1)H-magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy before and after liver transplantation to investigate changes in brain water content in(More)
The interactions among hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis delta virus (HDV) were studied by measuring HBV-DNA and HCV-RNA levels and by determining the influence of viral genotypes and mutations in HBV basal core promoter (BCP) and precore regions. We included 65 consecutive patients, 25 HBV/HCV, 18 HBV/HDV, and 22 HBV/HCV/HDV.(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to study striatal dopaminergic dopamine 2 (D(2)) receptors as a biological marker of early relapse in detoxified alcoholic patients by using [(123)I]iodobenzamide ([123I]IBZM) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHOD The authors performed [(123)I]IBZM SPECT on 21 alcohol-dependent inpatients during(More)
Sequencing of multiple recombinant clones generated from polymerase chain reaction-amplified products demonstrated that the degree of heterogeneity of two well-conserved regions of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome within individual plasma samples from a single patient was consistent with a quasispecies structure of HCV genomic RNA. About half of(More)
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients is associated with low response rates and high incidence of side effects. One hundred twenty-one hepatitis C virus (HCV)-HIV-coinfected patients were randomized to receive interferon alpha-2b (3 MU thrice weekly; n = 61) or peginterferon alpha-2b (1.5 microg/kg/week; n(More)
AIM To develop a scale to assess the severity of hepatic encephalopathy using simple dichotomic items. METHODS A list of 48 items was created by selecting items that are simple to recognize and categorize; it was applied to thirty-six cirrhotic in-patients with episodic encephalopathy, in addition to the adapted-West-Haven Criteria and the Glasgow Coma(More)
BACKGROUND Selection of amino acid substitutions associated with resistance to nucleos(t)ide-analog (NA) therapy in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) reverse transcriptase (RT) and their combination in a single viral genome complicates treatment of chronic HBV infection and may affect the overlapping surface coding region. In this study, the variability of an(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis G virus (HGV) has recently been cloned and tests for HGV RNA and envelope antibodies (anti-E2) have been developed. HGV infection is widespread among blood donors worldwide, but the clinical and serologic outcome of transfusion-associated HGV infection has not been fully characterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Consecutive blood donors(More)
We have analyzed the population of hepatitis C virus (HCV) sequences in paired liver and serum samples from four patients with chronic hepatitis C. Sequences from three different biopsy specimens from a liver explant from one patient were compared with each other and with the circulating sequences. Our results demonstrate that the circulating quasispecies(More)
UNLABELLED The recent introduction of the opioid antagonist naltrexone for alcohol-dependence therapy has been mainly based on behavioral animal models that provide evidence of the involvement of the endogenous opioid system in alcohol drinking and dependence. However, the neurophysiological mechanisms of the effect of naltrexone in alcoholic patients(More)