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In this prospective study, the authors assessed the incidence, aetiology, and outcome of patients with community-acquired pneumonia in the general population. From December 1993 to November 1995, a study was performed in a mixed residential-industrial urban population of the "Maresme" region in Barcelona, Spain. All subjects > or =14 yrs of age (annual(More)
Although community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a major cause of hospitalization and death, few studies on risk factors have been performed. A population-based case-control study of risk factors for CAP was carried out in a mixed residential-industrial urban area of 74,610 adult inhabitants in the Maresme (Barcelona, Spain) between 1993 and 1995. All(More)
BACKGROUND Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a major complaint among the elderly. Our aim was to assess the pathophysiology of oropharyngeal dysphagia in frail elderly patients (FEP). METHODS A total of 45 FEP (81.5 +/- 1.1 years) with oropharyngeal dysphagia and 12 healthy volunteers (HV, 40 +/- 2.4 years) were studied using videofluoroscopy. Each subject's(More)
A prospective study was conducted over eight months to evaluate the usefulness of two culture techniques using different catheter parts for detection of bacterial colonization or catheter-related bacteremia in patients with jugular or subclavian hemodialysis catheters. A combination of semiquantitative culture of the external surface and quantitative(More)
The role of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in acute respiratory failure caused by viral pneumonia remains controversial. Our objective was to evaluate the use of NIV in a cohort of (H1N1)v pneumonia. Usefulness and success of NIV were assessed in a prospective, observational registry of patients with influenza A (H1N1) virus pneumonia in 148 Spanish(More)
This one year prospective multicentre study was designed to determine the incidence of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. It was carried out in primary health care centres and three reference hospitals, located in the 'Maresme' region (Barcelona, Spain) serving a population of 39,733 subjects over 13 years of age. Patients suspected of having(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe variation in antibiotic prescribing for acute cough in contrasting European settings and the impact on recovery. DESIGN Cross sectional observational study with clinicians from 14 primary care research networks in 13 European countries who recorded symptoms on presentation and management. Patients followed up for 28 days with patient(More)
We studied 134 patients with Steinert's myotonic dystrophy (MD) in order to determine the prevalence of chronic hypercapnia, the level of muscle weakness and forced expiratory volume at which hypercapnic respiratory failure is likely to occur, and how clinical assessment might help predict hypercapnic respiratory failure. Subjects were divided into five(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess the population-attributable risk (PAR) of smoking and the effect of tobacco smoking on the development of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults. DESIGN A population-based case-control study. Information on history of smoking and other risk factors was obtained by a questionnaire administered by interview. SETTING Mixed(More)