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BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer has a poor prognosis, with just 40% of patients surviving 5 years. We designed this trial to establish the effect of early detection by screening on ovarian cancer mortality. METHODS In this randomised controlled trial, we recruited postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years from 13 centres in National Health Service Trusts in(More)
Patients with the autoimmune rheumatic disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or 'lupus') develop a wide variety of clinical and serological manifestations including the presence of antibodies to double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), which are often diagnostic and potentially pathogenic. In this review, we have examined the links between the structure and(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify genes which are more highly expressed in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with spondyloarthropathy (SpA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), in comparison to normal subjects. METHODS A 588-gene microarray was used as a screening tool to select a panel of such genes from PBMC of these(More)
An experimental model of systemic lupus erythematosus has recently been described in normal animals. We sought to confirm and extend this model, which involved immunization of normal rabbits and mice with a peptide of Sm B/B', PPPGMRPP. This peptide is an early target of the immune response in anti-Sm-positive patients with lupus. The peptide was used in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of rituximab treatment on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who have had an inadequate response to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, including biologic agents. METHODS A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 367(More)
There has been concern about current ovarian cancer screening strategies after the publication showing a lack of benefit from screening in the ovarian part of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. The ongoing United Kingdom Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening involves 202,638 low-risk postmenopausal women. The(More)
Antibodies binding to double-stranded (ds) DNA are strongly associated with renal involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We have generated two new IgG DNA-binding monoclonal antibodies (mAb), RH-14 and DIL-6, from the peripheral blood lymphocytes of two SLE patients with glomerulonephritis using the heteromyeloma cell line CB-F7.(More)
BACKGROUND Participants in trials evaluating preventive interventions such as screening are on average healthier than the general population. To decrease this 'healthy volunteer effect' (HVE) women were randomly invited from population registers to participate in the United Kingdom Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) and not allowed to(More)
OBJECTIVE Hopelessness is an important construct in psychosocial epidemiology, but there is great pressure on the length of questionnaire measures in large-scale population and clinical studies. We examined the validity and test-retest reliability of two brief measures of hopelessness, an existing negatively worded two-item measure of hopelessness(More)