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BACKGROUND With the globalization of clinical trials, large developing nations have substantially increased their participation in multi-site studies. This participation has raised ethical concerns, among them the fear that local customs, habits and culture are not respected while asking potential participants to take part in study. This knowledge gap is(More)
BACKGROUND Gallstone formation is common in obese patients, particularly during rapid weight loss. Whether a concomitant cholecystectomy should be performed during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is still contentious. We aimed to analyze trends in concomitant cholecystectomy and laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery (2001-2008), to identify factors(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is the gold standard surgical treatment for obesity. However, unintended nutritional deficiencies following this surgery are common, including changes in bone metabolism. We assessed changes in bone mineral density (BMD), nutritional compounds, and bone resorption markers before and 1 year following RYGB(More)
This study was conducted to assess national rates in stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery in the USA from 1998 to 2007. We utilized the 1998–2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample and assessed women aged 20 years and older who underwent SUI surgery based on the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) procedure and diagnosis codes. The(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects of Chinese heritage have been found to participate in clinical research at lower rates than other groups despite growing in numbers as a population. While much research has examined research participants' motivation, there has not been a comprehensive synthesis of this information with respect to participants of Chinese descent. We(More)
BACKGROUND With the global expansion of clinical trials and the expectations of the rise of the emerging economies known as BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China), the understanding of factors that affect the willingness to participate in clinical trials of patients from those countries assumes a central role in the future of health research. METHODS We(More)
We explore the use of conditional random fields (CRFs) to automatically extract important metadata from clinical research articles. These metadata fields include formulaic metadata about the authors, extracted from the title page, as well as free text fields concerning the study’s critical parameters, such as longitudinal variables and medical intervention(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS To compare cold and mixed (electrocautery tonsillectomy with curettage adenoidectomy) adenotonsillectomies in children in terms of hospital medications' and materials' costs, surgical time, aspirated blood volume, and postoperative pain. STUDY DESIGN Randomized clinical trial in community hospitals. METHODS Seventy-two patients aged(More)
The “weekend effect” is defined as increased morbidity and mortality for patients admitted on weekends compared with weekdays. It has been observed for several diseases, including myocardial infarction and renal insufficiency; however, it has not yet been investigated for laparoscopic appendectomy in acute appendicitis—one of the most prevalent surgical(More)