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BACKGROUND The "weekend effect" is defined as increased morbidity and mortality for patients admitted on weekends compared with weekdays. It has been observed for several diseases, including myocardial infarction and renal insufficiency; however, it has not yet been investigated for laparoscopic appendectomy in acute appendicitis-one of the most prevalent(More)
The impact of a publication is often measured by the number of citations it received, this number being taken as a proxy for the relevance of published work. However, a higher citation index does not necessarily mean that a publication necessarily had a positive feedback from citing authors, as a citation can represent a negative criticism. In order to(More)
BACKGROUND Gallstone formation is common in obese patients, particularly during rapid weight loss. Whether a concomitant cholecystectomy should be performed during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is still contentious. We aimed to analyze trends in concomitant cholecystectomy and laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery (2001-2008), to identify factors(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS This study was conducted to assess national rates in stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery in the USA from 1998 to 2007. METHODS We utilized the 1998-2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample and assessed women aged 20 years and older who underwent SUI surgery based on the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision(More)
PURPOSE Necrotising soft tissue infection (NSTI) is a deadly disease associated with a significant risk of mortality and long-term disability from limb and tissue loss. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) therapy on mortality, complication rate, discharge status/location, hospital length of stay and(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is the gold standard surgical treatment for obesity. However, unintended nutritional deficiencies following this surgery are common, including changes in bone metabolism. We assessed changes in bone mineral density (BMD), nutritional compounds, and bone resorption markers before and 1 year following RYGB(More)
PURPOSE Writing scientific articles is a daunting task for novice researchers. In this qualitative study carried out in 2007, the authors evaluated the experiences of a group of novice researchers engaged in the writing process, to elucidate the main difficulties and sources of encouragement they encountered. METHOD Sixteen novice researchers were(More)
BACKGROUND With the globalization of clinical trials, large developing nations have substantially increased their participation in multi-site studies. This participation has raised ethical concerns, among them the fear that local customs, habits and culture are not respected while asking potential participants to take part in study. This knowledge gap is(More)
BACKGROUND With the globalization of clinical trials, a growing emphasis has been placed on the standardization of the workflow in order to ensure the reproducibility and reliability of the overall trial. Despite the importance of workflow evaluation, to our knowledge no previous studies have attempted to adapt existing modeling languages to standardize the(More)