Jaswant Singh

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BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to investigate the viability of level set image segmentation methods for the detection of corpora lutea (corpus luteum, CL) boundaries in ultrasonographic ovarian images. It was hypothesized that bovine CL boundaries could be located within 1-2 mm by a level set image segmentation methodology. METHODS Level set(More)
BACKGROUND Camelids are induced (reflex) ovulators. We have recently documented the presence of an ovulation-inducing factor (OIF) in the seminal plasma of alpacas and llamas. The objective was to test the hypothesis that OIF exerts its effect via a systemic rather than a local route and that endometrial curettage will enhance the ovulatory response to(More)
BACKGROUND Until recently, the limit of spatial resolution of ultrasound systems has prevented characterization of structures <1 mm. Hence, the study of ovarian follicular development in rodents has been based on one-time histological examination of excised tissues; i.e., longitudinal study of day-to-day ovarian changes has not been possible in mice and(More)
PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways are important for growth and proliferation of many types of cancers. Therefore, PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (LY) and MEK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 (PD) are used to sensitize many types of cancer cell lines to chemotherapeutic agents, where AKT and ERK pathways are over activated. However, in this study, we show for the first time that PD(More)
Studies of ovarian development in female mammals have shown a relationship between the day in the estrous cycle and the size of the main structures and physiological status of the ovary. This paper presents an algorithm for the automatic classification of bovine ovaries into temporal categories using information extracted from ultrasound images. The(More)
BACKGROUND The present studies evaluated the effects of cryoprotectants, the vitrification procedure and time in the warming solution containing sucrose on cleavage and embryo development of immature (GV stage) bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). METHODS Two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, COCs (n = 420) were randomly assigned to four(More)
BACKGROUND Ovulation-inducing factor in semen (OIF/NGF) influences ovulation and CL form and function in camelids and, remarkably, in cows. To test the hypothesis that the luteotrophic effect of OIF/NGF is mediated by an increase in trkA receptors in the ovulatory follicle and early CL, a study was designed to characterize the spatial and temporal(More)
Viruses alter the structure and the function of mitochondria for survival. Electron microscopy analysis of the cells infected with bovine adenovirus 3 revealed extensive damage to the inner mitochondrial membrane characterized by dissolution of the cristae and amorphous appearance of mitochondrial matrix with little or no damage to the outer mitochondrial(More)