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We have assessed the molecular response of 30 consecutive patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) treated for relapse after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) by donor leucocyte transfusions (DLT). Response was evaluated by qualitative nested and quantitative competitive RT-PCR for BCR-ABL mRNA at various time intervals before and after DLT.(More)
Two distinct leukemia syndromes are associated with abnormalities of chromosome band 8p11. First, a myeloproliferative disorder with features characteristic of both chronic myeloid leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and second, an acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with French-American-British (FAB) M4/5 morphology and prominent erythrophagocytosis. The two(More)
To determine the source of residual disease detected in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in complete cytogenetic remission (n=8) after treatment with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), we have tested CFU-GM colonies grown from bone marrow mononuclear cells or from plastic-adherent (Pdelta) cells for BCR-ABL mRNA using a nested multiplex RT-PCR. We(More)
Malignant melanoma is a cancer that arises from melanocyte cells in a complex but well-studied process, and which can only be successfully treated prior to metastasis as it is highly resistant to conventional therapies. A number of recent reports have indicated that members of the HOX family of homeodomain-containing transcription factors are deregulated in(More)
The PML-RAR alpha fusion protein is central to the pathogenesis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Expression of this protein in transgenic mice initiates myeloid leukemias with features of human APL, but only after a long latency (8.5 months in MRP8 PML-RARA mice). Thus, additional changes contribute to leukemic transformation. Activating mutations of(More)
RARA becomes an acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) oncogene by fusion with any of five translocation partners. Unlike RARalpha, the fusion proteins homodimerize, which may be central to oncogenic activation. This model was tested by replacing PML with dimerization domains from p50NFkappaB (p50-RARalpha) or the rapamycin-sensitive dimerizing peptide of(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the PML-RARA fusion gene. To identify genetic changes that cooperate with PML-RARA, we performed spectral karyotyping analysis of myeloid leukemias from transgenic PML-RARA mice and from mice coexpressing PML-RARA and BCL2, IL3, activated IL3R, or activated FLT3. A cooperating mutation that enhanced(More)
The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome is a rare, aggressive condition associated with reciprocal translocations of chromosome band 8p11, most commonly the t(8;13)(p11;q12). To identify the genes involved in this translocation, we used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to show that the chromosome 8 breakpoints fell within YAC 899e2 and that(More)
The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) is associated with three translocations, t(8;13)(p11;q12), t(8;9)(p11;q33), and t(6;8)(q27;p11), that fuse unrelated genes (ZNF198, CEP110, and FOP, respectively) to the entire tyrosine kinase domain of FGFR1. In all cases thus far examined (n = 10), the t(8;13) results in an identical mRNA fusion between ZNF198(More)
A number of fusion genes have been identified by study of acquired chromosomal translocations. Their detailed characterization has provided insights into mechanisms of leukaemogenesis and has enabled the development of molecular methods to assist in the diagnosis and monitoring of residual disease after treatment. The TEL-AML1 fusion gene is associated with(More)