Learn More
Gliomas, a type of devastating primary brain tumors, are distinct from other solid, non-neural primary neoplasms, in that they display extensive infiltrative invasive behavior but seldom metastasize to distant organs. This invasiveness into the surrounding normal brain tissue makes gliomas a major challenge for clinical intervention. Total surgical(More)
In this study, we investigated the expression of activated gelatinase A and membrane-type metalloproteinase (MT-MMP) induced by concanavalin A (ConA) in four highly invasive glioma cell lines (UWR2, UWR3, U251MG, and SNB-19). We also examined gelatinase A and MT-MMP expression in human brain tumor tissues in vivo. Gelatin zymography showed that all four(More)
The 72 kDa type IV collagenase (gelatinase), a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2), has been proposed to potentiate the invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors. To determine the potential role of the MMP-2 in human gliomas and normal brain tissue, we examined the relative amounts of protein, mRNA, and distribution. Using gelatin zymography, densitometry,(More)
Gliomas are the most frequent primary tumors of the central nervous system in adults. Glioblastoma multiforme, the most aggressive form of astrocytic tumors, displays a rapid progression that is accompanied by particular poor prognosis of patients. Intense angiogenesis is a distinguishing pathologic characteristic of these tumors and in fact, glioblastomas(More)
Local invasive growth is one of the key features of primary malignant brain tumors accompanied by remodeling of the vasculature and destruction of normal brain tissue. Tissue invasiveness is an essential biological function used by a tumor to overcome the various barriers to its progression. The expression of metalloproteases has been shown to play a(More)
PURPOSE Biomarkers can facilitate diagnosis, monitor treatment response, and assess prognosis in some patients with cancer. YKL-40 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) are two proteins highly differentially expressed by malignant gliomas. We obtained prospective longitudinal serum samples from patients with gliomas to determine whether YKL-40 or MMP-9(More)
Four human glioblastoma cell lines (U251, UWR1, UWR2, and UWR3) were tested for the expression of the cell surface receptor for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). To our knowledge there have been no previous reports about the uPA receptors (uPARs) in glioblastoma cell lines. All four glioblastoma cell lines we tested were found to bind recombinant(More)
The cell surface urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) has been shown to be a key molecule in regulating plasminogen-mediated extracellular proteolysis. To investigate the role of uPAR in invasion of brain tumors, human glioblastoma cell line SNB19 was stably transfected with a vector capable of expressing an antisense transcript(More)
Skeletal muscle fibers are defined by patterned covariation of key traits that determine contractile and metabolic characteristics. Although the functional properties of most skeletal muscles result from their proportional content of a few conserved muscle fiber types, some, typically craniofacial, muscles exhibit fiber types that appear to lie outside the(More)
MicroRNAs are a novel family of small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of several genes involved in normal development as well as human disorders including cancer. Here we show that miR-874 plays a tumor suppressor role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in vitro and in vivo. In silico target prediction analysis revealed numerous genes(More)