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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of addition of nitrous oxide (N2O) to the carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum (PP) and the effect of blood, plasma, or red blood cells (RBCs) on postoperative(More)
This study was conducted to document quantitatively the intraperitoneal temperature and desiccation during laparoscopic surgery. The temperature, relative humidity, and flow rate were measured in(More)