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A series of Escherichia coli-mycobacteria shuttle plasmids for the isolation and study of gene regulatory sequences was constructed. These pJEM vectors contain an efficient transcription terminator and multiple cloning sites and allow either operon or gene fusions to lacZ. By constructing operon fusions with pJEM15, we assessed various previously(More)
The gene encoding a class A beta-lactamase was cloned from a natural isolate of Mycobacterium fortuitum (blaF) and from a high-level amoxicillin-resistant mutant that produces large amounts of beta-lactamase (blaF*). The nucleotide sequences of the two genes differ at 11 positions, including two in the region upstream from the coding sequence. Gene fusions(More)
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is often plasmid-mediated and the associated resistance genes encoded by transposable elements. Mycobacteria, including the human pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. leprae, are resistant to many antibiotics, and their cell-surface structure is believed to be largely responsible for the wide range of resistance(More)
The activity of bacterial alkaline phosphatase (PhoA) is dependent on it being exported across the plasma membrane. A plasmid vector (pJEM11) allowing fusions between phoA and genes encoding exported proteins was constructed to study protein export in mycobacteria. Introduction of the Mycobacterium fortuitum beta-lactamase gene (blaF*) into this vector led(More)
Exochelin is the primary extracellular siderophore of Mycobacterium smegmatis, and the iron-regulated fxbA gene encodes a putative formyltransferase, an essential enzyme in the exochelin biosynthetic pathway (E. H. Fiss, Y. Yu, and W. R. Jacobs, Jr., Mol. Microbiol. 14:557-569, 1994). We investigated the regulation of fxbA by the mycobacterial IdeR, a(More)
We have cloned and expressed the gp63 gene of Leishmania major in BCG to develop a recombinant vaccine against zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. Two different expression systems were investigated. The first system consists of pAN, a Mycobacterium paratuberculosis promoter, which drives expression of ORF2, an open reading frame in IS900. This system allows(More)
A promoter sequence, PAN, was isolated from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis and characterized. This promoter lies adjacent to, and outside, the 3' end of an IS900 insertion element. IS900 contains an open reading frame, ORF2, on the complementary strand which codes for the putative transposase of this insertion sequence. A DNA fragment containing PAN and(More)
Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been used as a live bacterial vaccine to immunize more than two billion people against tuberculosis. In an attempt to use this vaccinal strain as a vehicle for protective antigens, the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gene encoding the Nef protein was cloned in a mycobacteria-Escherichia coli shuttle(More)
Interface terminologies used in electronic health records must be re-evaluated and revised to reflect current health care practice and knowledge. To enable future revisions of the Omaha System Intervention Scheme, investigators evaluated formal semantic structure of target terms and concept duplication of problem and target terms. Using linguistic(More)
To understand how Mycobacterium tuberculosis survives and grows in an infected host, we are studying the mycobacterial transcriptional machinery and its response to stresses encountered in vitro and in vivo. Much has been learned about sigma factors and other transcriptional regulators concerning their roles in controlling mycobacterial gene expression. It(More)