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BACKGROUND Galectin-3 has been implicated in the development of organ fibrosis. It is unknown whether it is a relevant therapeutic target in cardiac remodeling and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Galectin-3 knock-out and wild-type mice were subjected to angiotensin II infusion (2.5 µg/kg for 14 days) or transverse aortic constriction for 28 days to(More)
Bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) have been proposed to exert beneficial effects after renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) by engraftment in the tubular epithelium. However, BMDC can give rise to myofibroblasts and may contribute to fibrosis. BMDC contribution to the renal interstitial myofibroblast population in relation to fibrotic changes after IRI in(More)
Macrophages and fibroblasts are two major players in tissue repair and fibrosis. Despite the relevance of macrophages and fibroblasts in tissue homeostasis, remarkably little is known whether macrophages are able to influence the properties of fibroblasts. Here we investigated the role of paracrine factors secreted by classically activated (M1) and(More)
Several studies have indicated an important role for miR-155 in the pathogenesis of B-cell lymphoma. Highly elevated levels of miR-155 were indeed observed in most B-cell lymphomas with the exception of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the oncogenic role of miR-155 in B-cell lymphoma are not well understood. To identify(More)
AIMS Reciprocal plasticity exists between endothelial and mesenchymal lineages. For instance, mature endothelial cells adopt a smooth muscle-like phenotype through transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta1)-driven endothelial-to-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EndMT). Peripheral blood contains circulating endothelial progenitor cells of which the(More)
AIMS Neointimal hyperplasia is a common feature of fibro-proliferative vascular disease and characterizes initial stages of atherosclerosis. Neointimal lesions mainly comprise smooth muscle-like cells. The presence of these lesions is related to local differences in shear stress. Neointimal cells may arise through migration and proliferation of smooth(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of acute renal failure (ARF). ARF is reversible, due to an innate regenerative process, which is thought to depend partly on bone marrow-derived progenitor cells. The significance of these cells in the repair process has been questioned in view of their relatively low frequency. Here, we(More)
Within the phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous group of circulating progenitor cells (CPC), a subclass of cells with vascular repair potential have been identified. These CPC are detected and isolated based on single or combined expression of CD34, CD133 and VEGFR-2, and referred to as endothelial progenitor cells. Here we asked whether CPC(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a higher prevalence of antinuclear autoantibodies (ANAs). However, a significant subgroup of patients is ANA negative. It remains to be determined which patient groups carry autoantibodies. METHODS The association of smoking behaviour, disease status, gender, age and body mass(More)
In a previous study, the in vivo cytochrome P450-catalyzed regioselectivity of aromatic ring hydroxylation for a series of (poly)fluorobenzenes could be quantitatively predicted by the calculated frontier orbital density distribution in the aromatic ring [Rietjens et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 4801-4812]. However, the relative small fluorine, its size(More)