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OBJECTIVE To examine the response of the Victorian State Trauma System to the February 2009 bushfires. DESIGN AND SETTING A retrospective review of the strategic response required to treat patients with bushfire-related injury in the first 72 hours of the Victorian bushfires that began on 7 February 2009. Emergency department (ED) presentations and(More)
BACKGROUND Treatments for managing articular cartilage defects of the knee, including drilling and abrasion arthroplasty, are not always effective. When they are, long-term benefits may not be maintained and osteoarthritis may develop. An alternative is autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), the surgical implantation of healthy cartilage cells into the(More)
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) techniques are becoming more popular for the treatment of full thickness cartilage lesions of the knee joint. However, there is no systematic information for the efficacy of the new generation ACI techniques compared to other treatment options. A systematic review of the existing evidence from randomized clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe presentation characteristics of burn leading to death or hospital treatment (i.e. inpatient admissions and emergency department [ED] presentations) across the state of Victoria, Australia, for the years 2000-2006 inclusive. METHODS Data were provided by the Victorian Injury Surveillance Unit (VISU) from three different datasets(More)
INTRODUCTION Cadaveric cutaneous allografts are used in burns surgery both as a temporary bio-dressing and occasionally as definitive management of partial thickness burns. Nonetheless, limitations in the understanding of the biology of these grafts have meant that their role in burns surgery continues to be controversial. METHODS A review of all patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite technical advancements in breast radiation therapy, cardiac structures are still subject to significant levels of irradiation. As the use of adjuvant radiation therapy after breast-conserving surgery continues to improve survival for early breast cancer patients, the associated radiation-induced cardiac toxicities become increasingly(More)
BACKGROUND Motion sickness - the discomfort experienced when perceived motion disturbs the organs of balance - may include symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pallor, cold sweats, hypersalivation, hyperventilation and headaches. The control and prevention of these symptoms have included pharmacological, behavioural and complementary therapies. Although(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the current literature regarding the effectiveness and side-effect profile of intravenous ketamine as a means of pain relief when compared with placebo or as an adjunct to opioid analgesia in patients exposed to burn injury. DESIGN Electronic searches of MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, and The Cochrane Library databases from 1966 onward were(More)
Background Most cases of stroke are caused by impairment of blood flow to the brain (ischaemia), which results in a reduction in available oxygen and subsequent cell death. It has been postulated that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) may reduce the volume of brain that will die by greatly increasing available oxygen, and it may further improve outcomes by(More)
Sepsis due to Candida is an uncommon but a significant cause of death in burns patients. Colonization is common, but consensus guidelines for prophylaxis and empirical therapy do not specifically include this cohort. Our aim was to define predictive factors for candidaemia in a burns unit, to guide protocols for prevention and early treatment. We conducted(More)