Jason T. Ritt

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Peripheral sensory organs provide the first transformation of sensory information, and understanding how their physical embodiment shapes transduction is central to understanding perception. We report the characterization of surface transduction during active sensing in the rodent vibrissa sensory system, a widely used model. Employing high-speed(More)
The array of vibrissae on a rat's face is the first stage of a high-resolution tactile sensing system. Recently, it was discovered that vibrissae (whiskers) resonate when stimulated at specific frequencies, generating several-fold increases in motion amplitude. We investigated the neural correlates of vibrissa resonance in trigeminal ganglion and primary(More)
We discuss the concept of colimitation of primary productivity in aquatic environments, with an emphasis on reconciling this concept with recent advances in marine bioinorganic chemistry. Colimitations are divided into three categories on the basis of their mathematical formulations and visualizations: type I, independent nutrient colimitation (e.g., N and(More)
The thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) is hypothesized to regulate neocortical rhythms and behavioral states. Using optogenetics and multi-electrode recording in behaving mice, we found that brief selective drive of TRN switched the thalamocortical firing mode from tonic to bursting and generated state-dependent neocortical spindles. These findings provide(More)
The thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) is hypothesized to regulate neocortical rhythms and behavioral state. Using optogenetics and multi-electrode recording in behaving mice, we found that brief selective drive of TRN switched thalamocortical firing mode from tonic to bursting and generated state-dependent neocortical spindles. These findings provide causal(More)
The rodent whisker system is a common model for somatosensory neuroscience and sensorimotor integration. In support of ongoing efforts to assess neural stimulation approaches for future sensory prostheses, in which we deliver optogenetic stimulation to the somatosensory cortex of behaving mice, we must coordinate feedback in real time with active sensing(More)
Neural stimulation technology has undergone a revolutionary advance with the introduction of light sensitive ion channels and pumps into genetically identified subsets of cells. To exploit this technology, it is necessary to incorporate optical elements into traditional electrophysiology devices. Here we describe the design, construction and use of a(More)
In the rodent whisker system, a key model for neural processing and behavioral choices during active sensing, whisker motion is increasingly recognized as only part of a broader motor repertoire employed by rodents during active touch. In particular, recent studies suggest whisker and head motions are tightly coordinated. However, conditions governing the(More)
Motivated by experiments employing optogenetic stimulation of cortical regions, we consider spike control strategies for ensembles of uncoupled integrate and fire neurons with a common conductance input. We construct strategies for control of spike patterns, that is, multineuron trains of action potentials, up to some maximal spike rate determined by the(More)