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The mammalian diving response is a powerful autonomic adjustment to underwater submersion greatly affecting heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and ventilation. The bradycardia is mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system, arterial blood pressure is mediated via the sympathetic system and still other circuits mediate the respiratory changes. In the(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Translaminar screws can be a good salvage technique in some cases of severe deformities, infection, tumor, osteoporosis, and revision cases with altered anatomy. To our knowledge, the insertion technique for translaminar screws in the thoracic spine has not been studied. PURPOSE To suggest a safe insertion technique of translaminar(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a significant burden to patients and health care systems. This retrospective study evaluates the observed rates of SSI after our institution implemented chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated (CHG) cloth as a preoperative antiseptic preparation in elective vascular surgery. METHODS Between March 2011 and January(More)
STUDY DESIGN A cadaveric study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Translaminar screws were initially developed for C2 fixation. Since then, their usage has expanded to include the subaxial cervical spine, and thoracic and lumbar spine. To the best of our knowledge, special anatomy for inserting translaminar screws in the subaxial cervical spine has not been(More)
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