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The mammalian diving response is a powerful autonomic adjustment to underwater submersion greatly affecting heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and ventilation. The bradycardia is mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system, arterial blood pressure is mediated via the sympathetic system and still other circuits mediate the respiratory changes. In the(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Translaminar screws can be a good salvage technique in some cases of severe deformities, infection, tumor, osteoporosis, and revision cases with altered anatomy. To our knowledge, the insertion technique for translaminar screws in the thoracic spine has not been studied. PURPOSE To suggest a safe insertion technique of translaminar(More)
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