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Niche theory in its various forms is based on those environmental factors that permit species persistence, but less work has focused on defining the extent, or size, of a species' environment: the area that explains a species' presence at a point in space. We proposed that this habitat extent is identifiable from a characteristic scale of habitat selection,(More)
Bronchoscopy is a commonly used clinical tool that provides a direct image of the bronchial lumen. However, bronchoscopy has seen little use as a quantitative measurement tool, mainly because of the wide-angle lens which distorts the image. The present authors have tested the ability of numerical algorithms and commercial software to correct for this(More)
Understanding a species' behavioral response to rapid environmental change is an ongoing challenge in modern conservation. Anthropogenic landscape modification, or "human footprint," is well documented as a central cause of large mammal decline and range contractions where the proximal mechanisms of decline are often contentious. Direct mortality is an(More)
Sound wildlife conservation decisions require sound information, and scientists increasingly rely on remotely collected data over large spatial scales, such as noninvasive genetic tagging (NGT). Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), for example, are difficult to study at population scales except with noninvasive data, and NGT via hair trapping informs management(More)
In this paper, we present a challenging dataset for the purpose of segmentation and change detection in photographic images of mountain habitats. We also propose a baseline algorithm for habitats segmentation to allow for performance comparison. The dataset consists of high resolution image pairs of historic and repeat photographs of mountain habitats(More)
Farmed non-native Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is the largest agriculture export product of British Columbia, Canada. Chronic low-volume escapes of salmon from farms into Pacific waters (“leakage”) are typically undetectable (Britton et al. 2011). Analysis of escape-reporting from farmers indicates that reports greatly underestimate the true number of(More)
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