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Niche theory in its various forms is based on those environmental factors that permit species persistence, but less work has focused on defining the extent, or size, of a species' environment: the area that explains a species' presence at a point in space. We proposed that this habitat extent is identifiable from a characteristic scale of habitat selection,… (More)
The solubility of O(2) in polyethylene glycol 4000 and 6000 solutions of varying concentrations was determined iodimetrically (titrimetrically) and electrochemically using a rotating glassy carbon electrode and a PAR Model 174 Polarograph. The titrimetric determination resulted in the formation of an unexpected precipitate at 2% (w/v) polyethylene glycol… (More)
Understanding a species' behavioral response to rapid environmental change is an ongoing challenge in modern conservation. Anthropogenic landscape modification, or "human footprint," is well documented as a central cause of large mammal decline and range contractions where the proximal mechanisms of decline are often contentious. Direct mortality is an… (More)
Conservation programs often manage populations indirectly through the landscapes in which they live. Empirically, linking reproductive success with landscape structure and anthropogenic change is a first step in understanding and managing the spatial mechanisms that affect reproduction, but this link is not sufficiently informed by data. Hierarchical… (More)
Sound wildlife conservation decisions require sound information, and scientists increasingly rely on remotely collected data over large spatial scales, such as noninvasive genetic tagging (NGT). Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), for example, are difficult to study at population scales except with noninvasive data, and NGT via hair trapping informs management… (More)
Fatigue and wear are two of the many basic physical processes which contribute to the degradation of restorative materials. The mechanisms of these are discussed in the context of general engineering and the dental environment. More work is required to define the processes involved in intraoral degradation of materials.
Farmed non-native Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is the largest agriculture export product of British Columbia, Canada. Chronic low-volume escapes of salmon from farms into Pacific waters (“leakage”) are typically undetectable (Britton et al. 2011). Analysis of escape-reporting from farmers indicates that reports greatly underestimate the true number of… (More)
Good vision is essential in sports, but many athletes go without correction because the solution is worse than the problem. This study shows that soft contact lenses correct more than vision.
The development of a simple test for subcritical damage in body armor panels using pressure-sensitive dye-indicator film has been performed and demonstrated effective. Measurements have shown that static indicator levels are accurately reproduced in dynamic loading events. Impacts from hard blunt impactors instrumented with an accelerometer and embedded… (More)
In this paper, we present a challenging dataset for the purpose of segmentation and change detection in photographic images of mountain habitats. We also propose a baseline algorithm for habitats segmentation to allow for performance comparison. The dataset consists of high resolution image pairs of historic and repeat photographs of mountain habitats… (More)