Jason Soonju Koh

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Recent evidence indicates that phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells, initially thought to be a silent event, can modulate macrophage (M phi) function. We show in this work that phagocytic uptake of apoptotic cells or bodies, in the absence of serum or soluble survival factors, inhibits apoptosis and maintains viability of primary cultures of murine(More)
Macrophages from nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, which spontaneously develop type I diabetes, share a defect in elicited cytokine production with macrophages from multiple diverse strains of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-prone mice. We have previously shown that, in SLE-prone mice, this defect is triggered by exposure to apoptotic cells. We report in(More)
Exosomes are small membrane vesicles that are released into the extracellular environment during fusion of multivesicular bodies with plasma membrane. Exosomes are secreted by various cell types including hematopoietic cells, normal epithelial cells and even some tumor cells. They are known to carry MHC class I, various costimulatory molecules and some(More)
The pathogenic role of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) remains controversial because of the difficulty in explaining how extracellular ANCA can interact with intracellular primary granule constituents. It has been postulated that cytokine priming of neutrophils (PMN), as may occur during a prodromal infection, is an important trigger for(More)
Macrophages (mphi) from prediseased mice of the major murine models of lupus have an identical defect in cytokine expression that is triggered by serum and/or apoptotic cells. It is striking that cytokine expression in the absence of serum and apoptotic cells is equivalent to that of nonautoimmune mice. Here, we show that mphi from prediseased lupus-prone(More)
Bfl-1 is an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family member and a mouse A1 homologue. The mouse A1 has been reported to have three isoforms, but little is known about human Bfl-1. By reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis, we have identified Bfl-1S (short form), an alternative splice variant of Bfl-1. The Bfl-1S primary sequence contains four conserved(More)
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