Jason Slagle

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UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE To determine the percentage of time that intensive care unit (ICU) nurses spend on documentation and other nursing activities before and after installation of a third-generation ICU information system. DESIGN Prospective data collection using real-time time-motion analysis, before and after installation of the ICU information system.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of EHR technology on the work and workflow of ICU physicians and compare time spent by ICU resident and attending physicians on various tasks before and after EHR implementation. DESIGN EHR technology with electronic order management (CPOE, medication administration and pharmacy system) and physician documentation was(More)
BACKGROUND The last mile of the medication use system requires tools to help patients comply with medication administration rules and monitor for side effects. Personal health records (PHR) and emerging user-adopted communication tools promise to change the landscape of medication management; however, no research has been done to demonstrate how these tools(More)
To enhance patient safety, data about actual clinical events must be collected and scrutinized. This paper has two purposes. First, it provides an overview of some of the methods available to collect and analyze retrospective data about medical errors, near misses, and other relevant patient safety events. Second, it introduces a methodological approach(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined whether anesthesia residents (physicians in training) performed clinical duties in the operating room differently during the day versus at night. BACKGROUND Fatigue from sleep deprivation and working through the night is common for physicians, particularly during residency training. METHODS Using a repeated-measures design,(More)
PURPOSE To describe the work of residents and the distribution of their time in 6 intensive care units (ICUs) of 2 medical centers (MCs). METHODS A total of 242 hours of observation to capture data on tasks performed by residents in 6 ICUs, including adult, pediatric, medical and surgical units, were conducted. For each observation period, the percentages(More)
BACKGROUND Task analysis may be useful for assessing how anesthesiologists alter their behavior in response to different clinical situations. In this study, the authors examined the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of an established task analysis methodology. METHODS During 20 routine anesthetic procedures, a trained observer sat in the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The objective of this investigation is to determine time-dependent workload patterns for emergency department (ED) physician teams across work shifts. A secondary aim was to demonstrate how ED demand patterns and the timing of shift changes influence the balance of workload among a physician team. METHODS Operational measurements of an(More)
BACKGROUND Researchers have used various methods to describe and quantify the work of nurses. Many of these studies were focused on nursing in general care settings; therefore, less is known about the unique work nurses perform in intensive care units (ICUs). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to observe adult and pediatric ICU nurses in order to(More)