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Prostatitis has remained a pathological entity that is difficult to treat. Part of the difficulty revolves about the putative offending pathogens. For acute prostatitis, members of the Enterobacteriaceae, particularly Escherichia coli, play a central role, while intracellular pathogens such as Chlamydia are more frequently seen in chronic prostatitis.(More)
A U.S. surveillance study of antimicrobial resistance in respiratory tract pathogens in the respiratory season (1996-1997) is reported that included 11,368 isolates from 434 institutions in 45 states and the District of Columbia. beta-lactamase was produced by 33.4% of Haemophilus influenzae and 92.7% of Moraxella catarrhalis. Of the 9,190 Streptococcus(More)
A national antimicrobial resistance surveillance study was conducted from December 1997 to May 1998 to determine the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in 6620 clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. In this centralized study, which involved 163 institutions located in 43 states, we determined(More)
Given the propensity for Enterobacteriaceae and clinically significant nonfermentative gram-negative bacilli to acquire antimicrobial resistance, consistent surveillance of the activities of agents commonly prescribed to treat infections arising from these organisms is imperative. This study determined the activities of two fluoroquinolones, levofloxacin(More)
Although changing patterns in antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae have prompted several surveillance initiatives in recent years, the frequency with which these studies are needed has not been addressed. To approach this issue, the extent to which resistance patterns change over a 1-year period was examined. In this study we analyzed S.(More)
The discovery of RNA interference has revitalized the long ongoing pursuit of gene therapy for the treatment of diseases. Nevertheless, despite promising results from experimental studies, there remains a pressing need for the development of nanocarriers that are clinically-relevant, biocompatible, efficient, and that can be tailored to specific disease(More)
The last two decades have witnessed the exponential development of DNA as a generic material instead of just a genetic material. The biological function, nanoscale geometry, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and molecular recognition capacity of DNA make it a promising candidate for the construction of novel functional nanomaterials. As a result, DNA has(More)
Nanotechnology has opened up new avenues towards ultra-sensitive, highly selective detection of biological molecules and toxic agents, as well as for therapeutic targeting and screening. Though the goals may seem singular, there is no universal method to identify or detect a molecular target. Each system is application-specific and must not only identify(More)
Cell-free systems represent a promising approach to quickly and easily produce preparative amounts of proteins. However, it is still challenging to obtain high volumetric yields (>mg ml(-1)) of proteins from the present cell-free systems. This protocol presents a cell-free protein synthesis method using a novel DNA gel that dramatically increases protein(More)
Rizatriptan and zolmitriptan are both used to relieve acute migraine and cluster headaches. The mechanism of action is similar to the other triptans, in that they reverse abnormal cerebral vasodilation through their activity as 5-HT1B receptor agonists. Triptan-induced vasoconstriction is attributed to its activity on peripheral 5-HT1B receptors and has(More)