Jason S. Stumhofer

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Interleukin 10 (IL-10) has a prominent function in regulating the balance between protective and pathological T cell responses. Consistent with that activity, many sources of this cytokine are found in vivo, including from myeloid cells and a variety of T cell subsets. However, although there are many pathways that regulate innate production of IL-10, the(More)
Studies have focused on the events that influence the development of interleukin 17 (IL-17)–producing T helper cells (TH-17 cells) associated with autoimmunity, such as experimental autoimmune encephalitis, but relatively little is known about the cytokines that antagonize TH-17 cell effector responses. Here we show that IL-27 receptor–deficient mice(More)
IL-23 is a member of the IL-12 cytokine family that drives a highly pathogenic T cell population involved in the initiation of autoimmune diseases. We have shown that IL-23-dependent, pathogenic T cells produced IL-17 A, IL-17 F, IL-6, and TNF but not IFN-gamma or IL-4. We now show that T-bet and STAT1 transcription factors are not required for the initial(More)
IL-27 is secreted by APCs in response to inflammatory stimuli and exerts a proinflammatory Th1-enhancing activity but also has significant anti-inflammatory functions. We examined the molecular mechanism by which IL-27 regulates TGFbeta plus IL-6- or IL-23-dependent Th17 development in the mouse and human systems. IL-27 inhibited the production of IL-17A(More)
It is well established that IFN-γ is required for the development of experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) during Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection of C57BL/6 mice. However, the temporal and tissue-specific cellular sources of IFN-γ during P. berghei ANKA infection have not been investigated, and it is not known whether IFN-γ production by a single cell type(More)
Challenge with the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii induces a potent CD8+ T-cell response that is required for resistance to infection, but many questions remain about the factors that regulate the presentation of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I)-restricted parasite antigens and about the role of professional and(More)
Initial studies on the biology of IL-27 provided evidence of a role for this cytokine in the initiation of Th1 responses; however, subsequent work using models of pathogen-induced and autoimmune inflammation have indicated that IL-27 has broad inhibitory effects on Th1, Th2 and Th17 subsets of T cells as well as the expansion of inducible regulatory T(More)
Control of infection caused by Leishmania major requires the development of IFN-gamma+CD4+ lymphocytes for the induction of microbicidal activity in host macrophages. We recently reported on the inability of conventionally resistant C57BL/6 mice to successfully resolve infection by an isolate of L. major, despite a strong IFN-gamma response by the host.(More)
Although the ability of IL-27 to promote T cell responses is well documented, the anti-inflammatory properties of this cytokine remain poorly understood. The current work demonstrates that during infection with Toxoplasma gondii, IL-27R-deficient mice generate aberrant IL-2 responses that are associated with the development of a lethal inflammatory disease.(More)
Successful resolution of malaria infection requires induction of proinflammatory immune responses that facilitate parasite clearance; however, failure to regulate this inflammation leads to immune-mediated pathology. The pathways that maintain this immunological balance during malaria infection remain poorly defined. In this study, we demonstrate that(More)