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BACKGROUND The relationships between chronic productive cough (CPC), environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure, and asthma are not clearly established in children. Therefore, we wished to determine the prevalence of CPC and examine the relationships between CPC, ETS exposure, and asthma in young teenagers. METHODS We performed a cross sectional survey of(More)
We report two infants with an inborn error of cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) metabolism whose clinical presentation in the first month of life strongly suggested bacterial or viral sepsis. The absence of any acute metabolic derangement (acidosis, hyperammonemia, hypoglycemia, or ketosis) in association with clinical features suggesting sepsis (lethargy,(More)
BACKGROUND The airway epithelium can express factors that drive subepithelial airway remodeling. TGF-β2, vascular epithelial growth factor (VEGF), a disintegrin and metalloprotease 33 (ADAM33), and periostin are hypothesized to be involved in subepithelial remodeling and are overexpressed in adult asthmatic airways. Epidemiologic data suggest that lung(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) involves the release of mediators from several airway cells in response to exercise challenge, but the mechanism leading to airflow obstruction during EIB is incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of secreted mucin in the pathogenesis of EIB. METHODS Induced(More)
BACKGROUND Cesarean delivery modifies infant gut bacterial flora composition, which may result in hindered tolerance to allergenic substances, thereby increasing the risk of asthma in accordance with the hygiene hypothesis. Results of previous studies regarding an association between birth route and asthma are conflicting, and these studies have not(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of ibuprofen-sensitive asthma in school-aged children with mild or moderate persistent asthma. STUDY DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover bronchoprovocation challenge study in children 6 to 18 years of age with mild or moderate persistent asthma. Patients received a single dose of ibuprofen(More)
Our objective was to determine the impact of gender and age on asthma hospitalization rates among children. We used a population-based retrospective birth cohort study to determine yearly age- and gender-specific asthma hospitalization rates between ages 2-18 years in a cohort of all children born in Washington State between 1980-1985. In addition, we(More)
BACKGROUND There are limited data assessing the relationship between fraction of exhaled nitric oxide and lung function or exacerbations in infants with recurrent wheezing. OBJECTIVES In a longitudinal pilot study of children less than 2 years old, we assessed whether baseline fraction of exhaled nitric oxide was associated with lung function,(More)
BACKGROUND There are limited data assessing the predictive value of fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO ) for persistence of wheezing, exacerbations, or lung function change over time in infants/toddlers with recurrent wheezing. OBJECTIVES In an ongoing longitudinal cohort of infants and toddlers with recurrent wheezing, we compared predictive values(More)