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Two major mechanisms have been proposed to explain the ability of introduced populations to colonize over large habitat gradients, despite significant population bottlenecks during introduction: (1) Broad environmental tolerance—successful invaders possess life history traits that confer superior colonizing ability and/or phenotypic plasticity, allowing(More)
Gene flow among populations can enhance local adaptation if it introduces new genetic variants available for selection, but strong gene flow can also stall adaptation by swamping locally beneficial genes. These outcomes can depend on population size, genetic variation, and the environmental context. Gene flow patterns may align with geographic distance(More)
The range of resources that a species uses (i.e. its niche breadth) might determine the geographical area it can occupy, but consensus on whether a niche breadth-range size relationship generally exists among species has been slow to emerge. The validity of this hypothesis is a key question in ecology in that it proposes a mechanism for commonness and(More)
As is typical of all beta-thalassaemias, the erythroid cells of individuals with the variant haemoglobin E (alpha 2 beta 2(26Glu leads to Lys)) exhibit a quantitative deficiency in their content of beta-globin (in this case beta E-globin) and its messenger RNA2,3. To determine the molecular basis of this phenotype, we have investigated the structure and(More)
According to theory, gene flow to marginal populations may stall or aid adaptation at range limits by swamping peripheral populations with maladaptive gene flow or by enhancing genetic variability and reducing inbreeding depression, respectively. We tested these contrasting predictions by manipulating patterns of gene flow of the annual plant, Mimulus(More)
The nucleotide sequence for the nuclear-encoded small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (SSU rRNA) was determined for 24 species of the Chrysophyceae sensu stricto. These sequences were aligned, using primary and secondary structure, with nine previously published sequences for the Chrysophyceae, 14 for the Synurophyceae, and five for the Eustigmatophyceae(More)
To investigate whether recurrent mutation has contributed to the high frequency of the beta E-globin gene in Southeast Asia, we used the haplotypes at three polymorphic restriction sites within and to the 3' side of the beta-globin gene to predict the framework of 23 beta E-globin genes. These haplotypes suggested that beta E-globin genes are present in two(More)
To characterize systematically the mutations which produce beta-thalassemia in Asian Indians, we first determined the DNA polymorphism haplotype in the beta-globin gene cluster of 44 beta-thalassemia chromosomes in the ethnic group. Nine different haplotypes were observed. Upon molecular cloning and partial DNA sequencing of one beta-gene from each of eight(More)
beta-Thalassemia genes, although often mild in their effects, are common among American Blacks. We have begun a systematic molecular analysis of beta-thalassemia mutations in this group. DNA polymorphisms in the beta-globin gene cluster were examined among 22 beta-thalassemia chromosomes. Six different haplotypes were observed. beta-globin genes of two of(More)