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Two major mechanisms have been proposed to explain the ability of introduced populations to colonize over large habitat gradients, despite significant population bottlenecks during introduction: (1) Broad environmental tolerance—successful invaders possess life history traits that confer superior colonizing ability and/or phenotypic plasticity, allowing(More)
To perform a systematic analysis of beta-thalassemia genes among Chinese, we have determined the DNA haplotype in the beta-globin gene region of 37 Chinese beta-thalassemia chromosomes. Only four haplotypes were found. Blot hybridization analysis of erythroid RNA from patients homozygous for haplotypes 1, 2, and 3 demonstrated different patterns, suggesting(More)
To investigate whether recurrent mutation has contributed to the high frequency of the beta E-globin gene in Southeast Asia, we used the haplotypes at three polymorphic restriction sites within and to the 3' side of the beta-globin gene to predict the framework of 23 beta E-globin genes. These haplotypes suggested that beta E-globin genes are present in two(More)
Gene flow among populations can enhance local adaptation if it introduces new genetic variants available for selection, but strong gene flow can also stall adaptation by swamping locally beneficial genes. These outcomes can depend on population size, genetic variation, and the environmental context. Gene flow patterns may align with geographic distance(More)
To characterize systematically the mutations which produce beta-thalassemia in Asian Indians, we first determined the DNA polymorphism haplotype in the beta-globin gene cluster of 44 beta-thalassemia chromosomes in the ethnic group. Nine different haplotypes were observed. Upon molecular cloning and partial DNA sequencing of one beta-gene from each of eight(More)
DNA sequence analysis of a cloned beta-globin gene from a Chinese patient with beta-thalassemia revealed a single nucleotide substitution (A leads to G) within the ATA box homology and 28 base pairs upstream from the cap site. The patient was homozygous for this particular allele based on restriction mapping at nine different polymorphic sites in the(More)
Complete 18S rDNA sequences were determined for 25 strains representing five genera of the Eustigmatophyceae, including re-examination of three strains with previously published sequences. Parsimony analysis of these and 44 published sequences for other heterokont chromophytes (unalignable sites removed) revealed that the Eustigmatophyceae were a(More)
The range of resources that a species uses (i.e. its niche breadth) might determine the geographical area it can occupy, but consensus on whether a niche breadth-range size relationship generally exists among species has been slow to emerge. The validity of this hypothesis is a key question in ecology in that it proposes a mechanism for commonness and(More)
According to theory, gene flow to marginal populations may stall or aid adaptation at range limits by swamping peripheral populations with maladaptive gene flow or by enhancing genetic variability and reducing inbreeding depression, respectively. We tested these contrasting predictions by manipulating patterns of gene flow of the annual plant, Mimulus(More)