Jason P. Breves

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We identified and investigated the changes in expression of two gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α-1a and α-1b) in relationship with salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant increase in(More)
The responses of Mozambique and Nile tilapia acclimated to fresh water (FW) and brackish water (BW; 17 per thousand) were compared following acute salinity challenges. In both species, plasma osmolality increased to above 450 mOsm by 2h after transfer from FW to seawater (SW); these increases in osmolality were accompanied by unexpected increases in plasma(More)
This study characterized endocrine and ionoregulatory responses accompanying seawater (SW) acclimation in Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Changes in plasma hormones and gene expression of hormone receptors, putative osmosensors, and ion transporters in the gill were measured. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated tilapia to SW resulted in a(More)
This study assessed the endocrine and ionoregulatory responses by tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) to disturbances of hydromineral balance during confinement and handling. In fresh water (FW), confinement and handling for 0.5, 1, 2 and 6h produced elevations in plasma cortisol and glucose; a reduction in plasma osmolality was observed at 6h. Elevations in(More)
Ghrelin is an important endocrine peptide that links the gastrointestinal system and brain in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. In human, rat, and goldfish plasma levels of ghrelin and GH are elevated in fasted animals, suggesting that ghrelin is an orexigenic signal and a driving force behind the elevated plasma levels of GH during(More)
Hypophysectomy and hormone replacement therapy were conducted to investigate the regulation of branchial mitochondrion-rich cell (MRC) recruitment and hormone receptor expression in euryhaline tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Gene expression and immunolocalization of Na(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) and Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) were used as(More)
The peptide hormone prolactin is a functionally versatile hormone produced by the vertebrate pituitary. Comparative studies over the last six decades have revealed that a conserved function for prolactin across vertebrates is the regulation of ion and water transport in a variety of tissues including those responsible for whole-organism ion homeostasis. In(More)
Ghrelin is a highly conserved peptide hormone secreted by the stomach, which is involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Ghrelin stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, and increases appetite in a variety of mammalian and non-mammalian vertebrates, including several fish species. Studies were conducted to investigate the effect of(More)
Growth hormone (GH) regulates essential physiological functions in teleost fishes, including growth, metabolism, and osmoregulation. Recent studies have identified two clades of putative receptors for GH (GHR1 clade and GHR2 clade) in fishes, both of which are highly expressed in the liver. Moreover, the liver is an important target for the anabolic effects(More)
Igf1 and Igf2 stimulate growth and development of vertebrates. In mammals, liver-derived endocrine Igf1 mediates the growth promoting effects of GH during postnatal life, whereas Igf2 stimulates placental and fetal growth and is not regulated by GH. Insulin enhances Igf1 production by the mammalian liver directly, and by increasing hepatocyte sensitivity to(More)