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The validity and reliability of an empirically defined fatigue syndrome were tested in a prospective cohort study of 245 primary care patients, with glandular fever or an upper respiratory tract infection. Subjects were interviewed three times in the 6 months after onset. Subjects with the empirically defined fatigue syndrome were compared with those who(More)
There is interest in the hypothesis that social norms are a determinant of healthy and unhealthy dietary practices. The objective of our work was to assess the weight of evidence that experimentally manipulated information about eating norms influences food intake and choice. This systematic review of experimental studies examined whether providing(More)
BACKGROUND Certain infections can trigger chronic fatigue syndromes (CFS) in a minority of people infected, but the reason is unknown. We describe some factors that predict or are associated with prolonged fatigue after infectious mononucleosis and contrast these factors with those that predicted mood disorders after the same infection. METHODS We(More)
Attentional biases towards food cues may be linked to the development of obesity. The present study investigated the mechanisms underlying attentional biases to food cues by assessing the role of top down influences, such as working memory (WM). We assessed whether attention in normal-weight, sated participants was drawn to food items specifically when that(More)
BACKGROUND The role of viruses in the aetiology of both chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and depressive illness is uncertain. METHOD A prospective cohort study of 250 primary care patients, presenting with glandular fever or an ordinary upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). RESULTS The incidence of an acute fatigue syndrome was 47% at onset, after(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine how the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC 0-3) primary diagnoses, Parent-Infant Relationship Global Assessment Scale, and Child Behavior Checklist/2-3 (CBCL/2-3) externalizing and internalizing symptoms augment the DSM-III-R/IV and guide treatment. METHOD 82(More)
Test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the Terry, a cartoon-based child mental health screener developed for African-American children, were measured in 36 boys (age 5 1/2 to 13) in a test-retest design. Reliability of the diagnosis (0.70 < or = k < or = 0.75) was good for ADHD, ODD, CD, and OAD, and excellent for MDD and SAD. Because of low(More)
BACKGROUND Neural responses to rewarding food cues are significantly different in the fed vs. fasted (>8 h food-deprived) state. However, the effect of eating to satiety after a shorter (more natural) intermeal interval on neural responses to both rewarding and aversive cues has not been examined. OBJECTIVE With the use of a novel functional magnetic(More)
These practice parameters describe the psychiatric assessment of infants and toddlers (0-36 months) and support the growth of infant and toddler psychiatry, a rapidly developing field. Infants and toddlers are brought to clinical attention because of concerns about emotional, behavioral, relational, or developmental difficulties. It is axiomatic that the(More)
Eating behaviour is strongly influenced by social context. We eat differently when we are with other people compared with when we eat alone. Our dietary choices also tend to converge with those of our close social connections. One reason for this is that conforming to the behaviour of others is adaptive and we find it rewarding. Norms of appropriate eating(More)