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The structure of the UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase encoded by Arabidopsis thaliana gene At3g03250 has been solved to a nominal resolution of 1.86 Angstroms. In addition, the structure has been solved in the presence of the substrates/products UTP and UDP-glucose to nominal resolutions of 1.64 Angstroms and 1.85 Angstroms. The three structures revealed a(More)
BACKGROUND Biological markers for optimal selection of patient to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapies are not established in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS EGFR/HER2 gene copy number by FISH, EGFR protein and pAKT expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and EGFR and KRAS mutations were tested in(More)
Aspartoacylase catalyzes hydrolysis of N-acetyl-l-aspartate to aspartate and acetate in the vertebrate brain. Deficiency in this activity leads to spongiform degeneration of the white matter of the brain and is the established cause of Canavan disease, a fatal progressive leukodystrophy affecting young children. We present crystal structures of recombinant(More)
PURPOSE Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) and adenocarcinomas with BAC features seem to be increasing in incidence, particularly in younger, never-smoking women. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors demonstrated response rates of 20% to 30% in patients with advanced BAC subtypes, but selection methods for patient therapy are not established.(More)
Cysteine dioxygenase (CDO) catalyzes the oxidation of l-cysteine to cysteine sulfinic acid. Deficiencies in this enzyme have been linked to autoimmune diseases and neurological disorders. The x-ray crystal structure of CDO from Mus musculus was solved to a nominal resolution of 1.75 Angstroms. The sequence is 91% identical to that of a human homolog. The(More)
PURPOSE Results of a prospective randomized trial conducted by the Intergroupe Francais du Myélome (IFM 90) indicated that autologous hematopoietic cell-supported high-dose therapy (HDT) effected higher complete response rates and extended progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with standard-dose therapies (SDT) for patients with(More)
Recently, many new drugs have been developed for the treatment of Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM). To optimize the treatment according to the prognosis and to facilitate the comparison of trials, we developed an International Prognostic Scoring System for WM in a series of 587 patients with clearly defined criteria for diagnosis and for initiation of(More)
PURPOSE Advanced bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a distinct subtype of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for which there is currently no optimal therapy. Based on preclinical and clinical data suggesting relevance of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) axis in BAC, the Southwest Oncology Group initiated a phase II trial (S0126) to evaluate(More)
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) is conserved in all eukaryotes and introduces the first double bond into saturated fatty acyl-CoAs. Because the monounsaturated products of SCD are key precursors of membrane phospholipids, cholesterol esters and triglycerides, SCD is pivotal in fatty acid metabolism. Humans have two SCD homologues (SCD1 and SCD5), while mice(More)
Structures of the prokaryotic K(+) channel, KcsA, highlight the role of the selectivity filter carbonyls from the GYG signature sequence in determining a highly selective pore, but channels displaying this sequence vary widely in their cation selectivity. Furthermore, variable selectivity can be found within the same channel during a process called C-type(More)