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Itch is thought to be signaled by a sub-population of pruritogen-selective C-fiber primary afferents. To assess a possible role of the neuropeptide, substance P (SP), in the central neurotransmission of itch, we investigated itch-related scratching behavior elicited by intradermal injection of serotonin (5-HT; 0.03-0.3%) in normal mice (wildtype, WT) and(More)
Herniation of the nucleus pulposus (NP) from lumbar intervertebral discs commonly results in radiculopathic pain and paresthesia (sciatica). While traditionally considered the result of mechanical compression of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and/or spinal nerve root, recent studies implicate pro-inflammatory mediators released from or evoked by NP, a(More)
Direct exposure of rats to tobacco smoke induces antinociception. We presently investigated if this antinociception is mediated via nicotinic and/or mu-opioid receptors. Adult male rats were surgically implanted with Alzet osmotic minipumps that delivered either saline (control), the nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine, or the opiate antagonist naltrexone (3(More)
We investigated a spinal site for opioid modulation of itch-related scratching behavior in rats. Intradermal 5-HT (2%, 10 microl) elicited intermittent bouts of hindlimb scratching directed toward the injection site (nape of neck) beginning within minutes and lasting >1 hr. 5-HT-evoked scratching was significantly reduced by systemic administration of the(More)
We describe a method to record single unit neuronal activity from mouse spinal cord using volatile anesthesia. The small size of the mouse can complicate usual methods that are used for single-unit recording in rats, but simple modifications can significantly increase the number of successful recordings. Stabilization of the vertebral column is particularly(More)
As a model of dry skin pruritus in mice, one hind paw was treated twice daily with a mixture of acetone/diethylether/water (AEW); controls received water only. A protective collar prevented the animals from accessing the treatment area. At 16 days, the collar was removed and AEW-treated mice exhibited marked biting of the treated paw; the number and(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of clinically important meniscal tears of the knee remains challenging, and it is unknown why only some injuries become painful. The role of inflammatory cytokines in generating pain following meniscal injury remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the cytokine profile in patients with acute knee pain believed to be(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was performed to test the hypothesis that high-frequency alternating current (HFAC) ranging from 2 to 100 kHz delivered to the spinal dorsal roots reduces activity of spinal wide dynamic range (WDR) dorsal horn neurons (DHNs) during noxious peripheral stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS This hypothesis was tested in both small and large(More)
BACKGROUND Windup of spinal nociceptive neurones may underlie temporal summation of pain, influencing the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of anaesthetics required to prevent movement to supramaximal stimuli. We hypothesized that halothane and isoflurane would differentially affect windup of dorsal horn neurones. METHODS We recorded 18 nociceptive(More)
Mustard oil [allyl isothiocyanate (AITC)] and cinnamaldehyde (CA), agonists of the ion channel TRPA1 expressed in sensory neurons, elicit a burning sensation and heat hyperalgesia. We tested whether these phenomena are reflected in the responses of lumbar spinal wide-dynamic range (WDR) neurons recorded in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats. Responses to(More)