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STUDY DESIGN Prospective, match-cohort study of disc degeneration progression over 10 years with and without baseline discography. Objectives. To compare progression of common degenerative findings between lumbar discs injected 10 years earlier with those same disc levels in matched subjects not exposed to discography. Summary of Background Data.(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective observational cohort. OBJECTIVE Correlate epidural inflammatory cytokines with the clinical response to epidural steroid injection in patients with lumbar nerve root irritation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Some back pain syndromes are thought to be associated with activation of inflammatory pathways and others may be associated(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The pathophysiology underlying degenerative disc disease and its implication in painful syndromes remain unclear. However, spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can demonstrate changes in disc water content and the annulus; provocative discography purportedly identifies degenerate discs causing serious low back pain; and biochemical(More)
Itch is thought to be signaled by a sub-population of pruritogen-selective C-fiber primary afferents. To assess a possible role of the neuropeptide, substance P (SP), in the central neurotransmission of itch, we investigated itch-related scratching behavior elicited by intradermal injection of serotonin (5-HT; 0.03-0.3%) in normal mice (wildtype, WT) and(More)
Herniation of the nucleus pulposus (NP) from lumbar intervertebral discs commonly results in radiculopathic pain and paresthesia (sciatica). While traditionally considered the result of mechanical compression of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and/or spinal nerve root, recent studies implicate pro-inflammatory mediators released from or evoked by NP, a(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of clinically important meniscal tears of the knee remains challenging, and it is unknown why only some injuries become painful. The role of inflammatory cytokines in generating pain following meniscal injury remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the cytokine profile in patients with acute knee pain believed to be(More)
We investigated a spinal site for opioid modulation of itch-related scratching behavior in rats. Intradermal 5-HT (2%, 10 microl) elicited intermittent bouts of hindlimb scratching directed toward the injection site (nape of neck) beginning within minutes and lasting >1 hr. 5-HT-evoked scratching was significantly reduced by systemic administration of the(More)
Direct exposure of rats to tobacco smoke induces antinociception. We presently investigated if this antinociception is mediated via nicotinic and/or mu-opioid receptors. Adult male rats were surgically implanted with Alzet osmotic minipumps that delivered either saline (control), the nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine, or the opiate antagonist naltrexone (3(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was performed to test the hypothesis that high-frequency alternating current (HFAC) ranging from 2 to 100 kHz delivered to the spinal dorsal roots reduces activity of spinal wide dynamic range (WDR) dorsal horn neurons (DHNs) during noxious peripheral stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS This hypothesis was tested in both small and large(More)
BACKGROUND Windup of spinal nociceptive neurones may underlie temporal summation of pain, influencing the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of anaesthetics required to prevent movement to supramaximal stimuli. We hypothesized that halothane and isoflurane would differentially affect windup of dorsal horn neurones. METHODS We recorded 18 nociceptive(More)