The transcription factor G box-binding factor (GBF) is required for the developmental switch between aggregative and postaggregative gene expression, cell-type differentiation, and morphogenesis. We show that constitutive expression of GBF allows ectopic expression of postaggregative genes, but only in response to exogenous cAMP. GBF activation requires the… (More)
Virtually all motile eukaryotic cilia and flagella have a '9+2' axoneme in which nine doublet microtubules surround two singlet microtubules. Associated with the central pair of microtubules are protein complexes that form at least seven biochemically and structurally distinct central pair projections. Analysis of mutants lacking specific projections has… (More)
The BBSome is a complex of seven proteins, including BBS4, that is cycled through cilia by intraflagellar transport (IFT). Previous work has shown that the membrane-associated signaling protein phospholipase D (PLD) accumulates abnormally in cilia of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii bbs mutants. Here we show that PLD is a component of wild-type cilia but is… (More)
We cloned a Tetrahymena thermophila gene, IFT52, encoding a homolog of the Chlamydomonas intraflagellar transport protein, IFT52. Disruption of IFT52 led to loss of cilia and incomplete cytokinesis, a phenotype indistinguishable from that of mutants lacking kinesin-II, a known ciliary assembly transporter. The cytokinesis failures seem to result from lack… (More)
In recent decades, cilia have moved from relative obscurity to a position of importance for understanding multiple complex human diseases. Now termed the ciliopathies, these diseases inflict devastating effects on millions of people worldwide. In this review, written primarily for teachers and students who may not yet be aware of the recent exciting… (More)
'Two-component' phosphorelay systems, once thought to be used exclusively by prokaryotes, have in the past few years been shown to exist in eukaryotes. A two-component system in Dictyostelium has now been shown to modulate protein kinase A, a key regulator of multicellular development in this organism.