Jason Lowery

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Three Sec7 guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) activate ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) to facilitate coating of transport vesicles within the secretory and endosomal pathways. GBF1 recruits COPI to pre-Golgi and Golgi compartments, whereas BIG1 and BIG2 recruit AP1 and GGA clathrin adaptors to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and endosomes. Here, we(More)
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are composed of one or more members of a large family of cytoskeletal proteins, whose expression is cell- and tissue type-specific. Their importance in regulating the physiological properties of cells is becoming widely recognized in functions ranging from cell motility to signal transduction. IF proteins assemble into nanoscale(More)
Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a rare disease caused by mutations in the GAN gene, which encodes gigaxonin, an E3 ligase adapter that targets intermediate filament (IF) proteins for degradation in numerous cell types, including neurons and fibroblasts. The cellular hallmark of GAN pathology is the formation of large aggregates and bundles of IFs. In this(More)
Increased expression of vimentin intermediate filaments (VIFs) enhances directed cell migration, but the mechanism behind VIFs' effect on motility is not understood. VIFs interact with microtubules, whose organization contributes to polarity maintenance in migrating cells. Here, we characterize the dynamic coordination of VIF and microtubule networks in(More)
ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) and their activating guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) play key roles in membrane traffic and signaling. All ARF GEFs share a ∼200-residue Sec7 domain (Sec7d) that alone catalyzes the GDP to GTP exchange that activates ARF. We determined the crystal structure of human BIG2 Sec7d. A C-terminal loop immediately(More)
Before the advent of molecular methods to tag proteins, the visualization of proteins within cells by immunoelectron microscopy required the use of highly specific antibodies directed against the protein of interest. Thus, only proteins for which antibodies were available could be visualized. Current technologies allow the detection of proteins for which(More)
The type III intermediate filament protein vimentin was once thought to function mainly as a static structural protein in the cytoskeleton of cells of mesenchymal origin. Now, however, vimentin is known to form a dynamic, flexible network that plays an important role in a number of signaling pathways. Here, we describe various methods that have been(More)
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