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Inflammatory pseudotumour is a generic term applied to a variety of neoplastic and non-neoplastic entities that share a common histological appearance, namely a cytologically bland spindle cell proliferation with a prominent, usually chronic inflammatory infiltrate. Over the last two decades, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) has emerged from within(More)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a neoplasm of intermediate biologic potential. In this study, we report a subset of IMTs with histologic atypia and/or clinical aggressiveness that were analyzed for clinicopathologic features, outcome, and immunohistochemical expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and other markers to identify potential(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are usually driven by mutations in KIT or PDGFRA, although 15% of GISTs in adults and >90% in children lack such mutations. The majority of gastric KIT/PDGFRA wild-type GISTs show distinctive morphological and clinical features and loss of expression of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) B. Only a small subset of(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies suggest that temozolomide has activity in neuroendocrine tumors. Low levels of the DNA repair enzyme, O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), are associated with sensitivity to temozolomide in other tumor types. We evaluated the prevalence of MGMT deficiency in neuroendocrine tumors and correlated MGMT deficiency with(More)
The polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) exerts oncogenic effects in many tumour types. However, loss-of-function mutations in PRC2 components occur in a subset of haematopoietic malignancies, suggesting that this complex plays a dichotomous and poorly understood role in cancer. Here we provide genomic, cellular, and mouse modelling data demonstrating that(More)
Purpose Hereditary factors play an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, yet the prevalence of germline cancer susceptibility gene mutations in patients with CRC unselected for high-risk features (eg, early age at diagnosis, personal/family history of cancer or polyps, tumor microsatellite instability [MSI], mismatch repair [MMR] deficiency) is(More)
Benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors are uncommon in the gastrointestinal tract, and perineuriomas have not previously been reported to occur at this anatomic location. In this study, we analyzed the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 perineuriomas arising in the intestine. Eight patients were female and 2 male (median age, 51 years;(More)
Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is a rare aggressive fibroblastic neoplasm composed of cords of epithelioid cells embedded in a dense collagenous stroma. The reported immunophenotype of SEF is nonspecific. Some SEF cases show morphologic and molecular overlap with low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS), suggesting a relationship between these tumor(More)
INTRODUCTION ALK gene rearrangements occur in approximately 5% of lung adenocarcinomas (ACAs), leading to anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) overexpression and predicting response to targeted therapy. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the standard procedure for detection of ALK rearrangements in lung ACA but requires specialized equipment and(More)
The diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is currently based on morphologic features and immunohistochemical demonstration of KIT (CD117). However, some tumors (in our estimation approximately 4%) have clinicopathologic features of GIST but do not express KIT. To determine if these lesions are truly GISTs, we evaluated 25 tumors with clinical(More)