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Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating of hominin-bearing Pleistocene cave deposits at Swartkrans, South Africa
Abstract Based on the cosmogenic nuclide burial dating technique, we present new radiometric age estimates of 2.19 ± 0.08 and 1.80 ± 0.09 million-years-old (Ma) for Member 1, and 0.96 ± 0.09 Ma forExpand
Taxonomy of the Sterkfontein fossil Cercopithecinae: The Papionini of Members 2 and 4 (Gauteng, South Africa)
Jason L. Heaton TAXONOMY OF THE STERKFONTEIN FOSSIL CERCOPITHECINAE: THE PAPIONINI OF MEMBERS 2 AND 4 (GAUTENG, SOUTH AFRICA) At Taung, the discovery of fossil baboons drew the attention of RaymondExpand
First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
TLDR
The morphology and size of its constituent parts suggest that the fossils derived from an extremely robust individual who, at 1.338±0.024 Ma (1 sigma), represents one of the most recent occurrences of Paranthropus before its extinction in East Africa. Expand
The context of Stw 573, an early hominid skull and skeleton from Sterkfontein Member 2: taphonomy and paleoenvironment.
TLDR
The taphonomic conclusion that animals with climbing proclivities (i.e., primates and carnivores) are preferentially preserved over other taxa, ultimately because of those proclivity, urges caution in assessing the fidelity of the assemblage for reconstruction of the Member 2 paleoenvironment. Expand
Earliest modern human-like hand bone from a new >1.84-million-year-old site at Olduvai in Tanzania
TLDR
The discovery of OH 86 suggests that a hominin with a more MHL postcranium co-existed with Paranthropus boisei and Homo habilis at Olduvai during Bed I times. Expand
Newly discovered fossil- and artifact-bearing deposits, uranium-series ages, and Plio-Pleistocene hominids at Swartkrans cave, South Africa.
TLDR
Recovered fauna from the two underlying deposits-including, prominently, the dental remains of Paranthropus (Australopithecus) robustus from the uppermost layer (Talus Cone Deposit)-indicate a significantly older, late Pliocene or early Pleistocene age for these units. Expand
Taphonomy of ungulate ribs and the consumption of meat and bone by 1.2-million-year-old hominins at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
TLDR
Manual/oral peeling of cortical layers of ungulate ribs are reported on as taphonomically diagnostic of hominoid/hominin meat- and bone-eating behavior that indicates access to large herbivore carcasses by hominins at the site of BK, Olduvai. Expand
New hominid fossils from Member 1 of the Swartkrans formation, South Africa.
TLDR
Together, the LB and HR preserve fossils of early Homo and Paranthropus robustus, Earlier Stone Age lithic artifacts, purported bone digging tools and butchered animal bones, which was the first to establish the co-existence of two early Pleistocene hominid species and led to inferences of plant root harvesting and meat-eating by one or both of those species. Expand
A multiscale stratigraphic investigation of the context of StW 573 ‘Little Foot’ and Member 2, Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa
TLDR
This work demonstrates at multiple scales the primary association between the sediments of Member 2 and the StW 573 ‘Little Foot’ skeleton, indicating a gradual deposit accretion with no distinct collapse facies evident, no successive debris flow accumulation, and only localized intra-unit post- depositional modification. Expand
Hominin skeletal part abundances and claims of deliberate disposal of corpses in the Middle Pleistocene
TLDR
It is argued that it is premature to assert that SH and DC shed particular light on the development of the “human condition,” and machine-learning analyses of hominin skeletal part representation data fail to falsify or provide unequivocal support for hypotheses of deliberate disposal, but indicate that the data also support partially or completely nonanthropogenic formational histories. Expand
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